David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jonathan Jenkins Ichikawa
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophica 59 (1997)
A short review of complexity research from the perspective of history and philosophy of biology is presented. Complexity and its emergence has scientific and metaphysical meanings. From its beginning, biology was a science of complex systems, but with the advent of electronic computing and the possibility of simulating mathematical models of complicated systems, new intuitions of complexity emerged, together with attempts to devise quantitative measures of complexity. But can we quantify the complex?
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Börje Ekstig (2011). Biological and Cultural Evolution in a Common Universal Trend of Increasing Complexity. World Futures 66 (6):435-448.
Börje Ekstig (2010). Complexity and Evolution: A Study of the Growth of Complexity in Organic and Cultural Evolution. [REVIEW] Foundations of Science 15 (3):263-278.
Bernard Korzeniewski (2005). Confrontation of the Cybernetic Definition of a Living Individual with the Real World. Acta Biotheoretica 53 (1):1-28.
Bartolomé Sabater (2009). Time Arrows and Determinism in Biology. Biological Theory 4 (2):174-182.
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