A semiotical reflection on biology, living signs and artificial life

Biology and Philosophy 6 (3):325-340 (1991)
Abstract
It is argued, that theory sf signs, especially in the tradition of the great philosopher Charles Sanders Peirce (1839–1914) can inspire the study of central problems in the philosophy of biology. Three such problems are considered: (1) The nature of biology as a science, where a semiotically informed pluralistic approach to the theory of science is introduced. (2) The peculiarity of the general object of biology, where a realistic interpretation of sign- and information-concepts is required to see sign-processes as immanent in nature. (3) The possibility of an artificial construction of life, hereby discussed as a conceptual problem in the present form of the artificial life project and its implied definition of life.
Keywords Artificial life  biology  information  Peirce  philosophy of science  semiotic realism  semiotics  tign  teleology
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Ernest Nagel (1977). Goal-Directed Processes in Biology. Journal of Philosophy 74 (5):261-279.

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