|Abstract||How does the Umwelt concept of Jakob von UexkuÈll ®t into current discussions within theoretical biology, philosophy of biology, biosemiotics, and Arti®cial Life, particularly the research on `autonomous systems' and robots? To investigate this question, the approach here is not historical UexkuÈll scholarship exposing the original core of philosophical ideas that provided an important background for the original conception of the Umwelt in the writings of Jakob von UexkuÈll (some of which seem incompatible with a modern evolutionist perspective); rather, I will show that some aspects of his thoughts are still interesting and provide inspiration in contemporary biology, cognitive science, and other ®elds. Therefore, I will also draw upon his son Thure von UexkuÈll's re¯ections in his further development of the Umwelt theory, which is not anti-evolutionary (his father's approach was anti-Darwinian, which is not the same as anti-evolutionary though often interpreted as such). Speci®cally, I will investigate the plausibility of three theses: (1) The Umwelt theory of Jakob von UexkuÈll, even though his theoretical biology was often characterized as being thoroughly vitalist, can in the context of contemporary science, more adequately be interpreted as a branch of qualitative organicism in theoretical biology. Qualitative organicism is a position which claims, ®rst, a kind of middle road position, that is, on the one hand, there are no mysterious or non-material vital powers in organisms (non-vitalism), but on the other hand, the characteristic properties of living beings cannot be fully accounted for by physics and chemistry because these properties are nonreducible emergent properties (emergentism); second, that some of these emergent properties have an experiential, phenomenal, or subjective character which plays a major role in the dynamics of the living system. Modern biosemiotics (inspired by C. S. Peirce and Jakob von UexkuÈll, instituted by..|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||No categories specified (fix it)|
|Through your library||Only published papers are available at libraries|
Similar books and articles
Morten Tønnessen (2003). Umwelt Ethics. Sign Systems Studies 31 (1):281-299.
Prisca Augustyn (2009). Translating Jakob von Uexküll — Reframing Umweltlehre as Biosemiotics. Sign Systems Studies 37 (1-2):281-297.
John Deely (2004). Semiotics and Jakob von Uexküll's Concept of Umwelt. Sign Systems Studies 32 (1-2):11-33.
Kalevi Kull (2001). Jakob von Uexküll: An Introduction. Semiotica 134 (1/4):1-59.
Kalevi Kull, Terrence Deacon, Claus Emmeche, Jesper Hoffmeyer & Frederik Stjernfelt (2009). Theses on Biosemiotics: Prolegomena to a Theoretical Biology. Biological Theory 4 (2):167-173.
Frederik Stjernfelt (forthcoming). Simple Animals and Complex Biology: Von Uexküll's Two-Fold Influence on Cassirer's Philosophy. Synthese.
Jakob von Uexüll jr (2004). Jakob von Uexküll and Right Livelihood — the Current Actuality of His Weltanschauung. Sign Systems Studies 32 (1-2):363-371.
Torsten Rüting (2004). History and Significance of Jakob von Uexküll and of His Institute in Hamburg. Sign Systems Studies 32 (1-2):35-71.
Dario Martinelli (2004). The Musical Circle. Sign Systems Studies 32 (1-2):229-251.
Mihhail Lotman (2002). Umwelt and Semiosphere. Sign Systems Studies 30 (1):33-39.
Carlo Brentari (2009). Konrad Lorenz's Epistemological Criticism Towards Jakob von Uexküll. Sign Systems Studies 37 (3-4):637-659.
Riin Magnus (2011). Time-Plans of the Organisms. Sign Systems Studies 39 (2-4):37-56.
Thure von Uexküll (2004). Eye Witnessing Jakob von Uexküll's Umwelttheory. Sign Systems Studies 32 (1-2):373-374.
Jakob von Uexküll & Thure von Uexküll (2004). Igavene küsimus. Sign Systems Studies 32 (1-2):362-362.
Added to index2010-12-22
Total downloads10 ( #106,438 of 549,130 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #63,397 of 549,130 )
How can I increase my downloads?