David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24 (2):107-126 (2011)
Humans have always played a crucial role in the evolutionary dynamics of agricultural biodiversity and thus there is a strong relationship between these resources and human cultures. These agricultural resources have long been treated as a global public good, and constitute the livelihoods of millions of predominantly poor people. At the same time, agricultural biodiversity is under serious threat in many parts of the world despite extensive conservation efforts. Ethical considerations regarding the collecting, research, and use of agricultural biodiversity are currently topics of great concern. For example, easy access to genetic resources for breeding purposes is important, but international agreements and legal frameworks are necessary to ensure adequate recognition of the contributions of local communities and traditional farmers in creating and nurturing these resources. Here, we assess ethical principles in the context of existing codes of conduct that are relevant for agro-biodiversity researchers. We aim to create awareness among scientists and policy makers who are concerned with agro-biodiversity research and its potential impact on local communities. We encourage a serious assessment of the ethical principles presented here and hope to facilitate an integration of these principles into the reader’s personal ethical framework. Key ethical principles considered here include the importance of obtaining prior informed consent, equity, and the inalienability of rights of local communities and farmers
|Keywords||Agricultural biodiversity Bio-ethics Genetic resources Traditional knowledge Access and benefit-sharing International agreements|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Ulysses Albuquerque, Luciana Sousa Nascimento, Fabio Vieira, Cybelle Almeida, Marcelo Ramos & Ana Silva (2012). “Return” and Extension Actions After Ethnobotanical Research: The Perceptions and Expectations of a Rural Community in Semi-Arid Northeastern Brazil. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (1):19-32.
Dianne Quigley (forthcoming). Promoting Human Subjects Training for Place-Based Communities and Cultural Groups in Environmental Research: Curriculum Approaches for Graduate Student/Faculty Training. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-18.
Similar books and articles
Sahotra Sarkar (2005). Biodiversity and Environmental Philosophy: An Introduction. Cambridge University Press.
James Maclaurin & Kim Sterelny (2008). What is Biodiversity? University of Chicago Press.
S. K. Wertz (2005). Maize: The Native North American's Legacy of Cultural Diversity and Biodiversity. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (2):131-156.
Sahotra Sarkar (2002). Defining “Biodiversity”; Assessing Biodiversity. The Monist 85 (1):131-155.
Patricia A. Marshall (2005). Human Rights,Cultural Pluralism, and International Health Research. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (6):529-557.
Ana Delgado (2008). Opening Up for Participation in Agro-Biodiversity Conservation: The Expert-Lay Interplay in a Brazilian Social Movement. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 21 (6):559-577.
Markku Oksanen & Juhani Pietarinen (eds.) (2004). Philosophy and Biodiversity. Cambridge University Press.
Kathryn Paxton George (1988). Biodiversity and Biotechnology. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 1 (3):175-192.
Vinati Gupta, Impact of IP Regime on Diminishing Agro-Biodiversity: Finding Solutions to Conserve Genetic Variations.
Valeria Negri (2005). Agro-Biodiversity Conservation in Europe: Ethical Issues. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (1):3-25.
Added to index2010-05-07
Total downloads11 ( #138,532 of 1,102,722 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #84,424 of 1,102,722 )
How can I increase my downloads?