David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 14 (1):25-43 (1989)
Advances in transplantation have extended the life and relieved the suffering of thousands of individuals. The prospect of being able to use tissues from embryos, as well as from anencephalic newborns, offers the promise of further relief of suffering. However, these possibilities raise significant moral and public policy issues. The question arises of the extent to which those who disapprove of abortion may make use of tissues derived from abortion in order to treat serious diseases. This essay argues that, with proper safeguards, such tissue can be used without cooperating in abortion. That is, even those who oppose abortion can benefit from the use of tissue procured during abortion. Questions also arise regarding the probity of maintaining a pregnancy in order to produce an anencephalic newborn whose biological existence will be maintained so as better to secure organs once death is declared. It is argued that, since no harm can be done to a being that has neither a sense of self or the capacity to feel pain, and since women have a right to forego abortions, there is no legitimate ground for opposing women's seeking meaning in their pregnancy through maximizing the opportunity of others to use the organs of their anencephalic newborn once death has been declared. Finally, it is argued that, since the capacities for sentience, a minimal condition for personhood, are never realized by an anencephalic, the entity has never been alive as a person. Therefore, there should be no opposition in principle to aborting anencephalics nor, after proper declaration, to making their organs available as one would after whole-brain death, despite the continued functioning of the brain stem. Keywords: anencephalics, transplantation, fetal tissue, definition of death CiteULike Connotea Del.icio.us What's this?
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Sharon E. Sytsma (1996). Anencephalics as Organ Sources. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 17 (1).
Julia Reeve (1989). Brain Life and Brain Death – the Anencephalic as an Explanatory Example. A Contribution to Transplantation. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 14 (1):5-23.
Richard M. Zaner (1989). Anencephalics as Organ Donors. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 14 (1):61-78.
Lynn Gillam (1998). The 'More-Abortions' Objection to Fetal Tissue Transplantation. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 23 (4):411 – 427.
C. Strong (1991). Fetal Tissue Transplantation: Can It Be Morally Insulated From Abortion? Journal of Medical Ethics 17 (2):70-76.
Gabriel Palmer-Fernandez & James E. Reagan (1998). Human Fetal Tissue Transplantation Research and Elective Abortion. Journal of Social Philosophy 29 (1):5-19.
Mary Ann Gardell Cutter (1989). Moral Pluralism and the Use of Anencephalic Tissue and Organs. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 14 (1):89-95.
Nancy S. Jecker (1990). Anencephalic Infants and Special Relationships. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 11 (4).
G. J. Boer (1999). Ethical Issues in Neurografting of Human Embryonic Cells. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 20 (5):461-475.
Richard B. Miller (1989). On Transplanting Human Fetal Tissue: Presumptive Duties and the Task of Casuistry. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 14 (6):617-640.
Added to index2010-08-19
Total downloads6 ( #211,273 of 1,099,774 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #126,844 of 1,099,774 )
How can I increase my downloads?