David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Journal of Religious Ethics 39 (4):651-679 (2011)
Traditionalist and radical orthodox critiques of the Enlightenment assert that the modern discourse on moral self-government constitutes a radical break with the theocentric model of morality which preceded it. Against this view, this paper argues that the conceptions of autonomy emerged from the effort to reconcile commitments within the Christian tradition. Through an analysis of the moral thought of the Cambridge Platonist Ralph Cudworth, this paper contends that distinctively Christian theological concerns concerning moral accountability to God and the character of divine-human moral relationships produced a theory of moral autonomy which anticipates that of Kant. This paper highlights the role of anti-voluntarism in the creation of this moral standpoint, and argues that the resultant moral view is an “internalization” of the voluntarist model of sovereignty
|Keywords||Cambridge Platonism Ralph Cudworth voluntarism autonomy secularization|
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References found in this work BETA
Charles Taylor (1989). Sources of the Self: The Making of the Modern Identity. Harvard University Press.
Alasdair C. MacIntyre (2007). After Virtue: A Study in Moral Theory. University of Notre Dame Press.
Thomas Hobbes (2012/2006). Leviathan. Clarendon Press.
Henry E. Allison (2004). Kant's Transcendental Idealism. Yale University Press.
Alasdair MacIntyre (1988). Whose Justice? Which Rationality? University of Notre Dame Press.
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