David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Economics and Philosophy 14 (2):283 (1998)
A principal aim of the branch of ethics called ‘population theory’ or ‘population ethics’ is to find a plausible welfarist axiology, capable of comparing total outcomes with respect to value. This has proved an exceedingly difficult task. In this paper I shall state and discuss two ‘trilemmas’, or choices between three unappealing alternatives, which the population ethicist must face. The first trilemma is not new. It originates with Derek Parfit's well-known ‘Mere Addition Paradox’, and was first explicitly stated by Yew-Kwang Ng. I shall argue that one horn of this trilemma is less unattractive than Parfit and others have claimed. The second trilemma, which is a kind of mirror image of the first, appears hitherto to have gone unnoticed. Apart from attempting to resolve the two trilemmas, I shall suggest certain features which I believe a plausible welfarist axiology should possess. The details of this projected axiology will, however, be left open
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Derek Parfit (1984). Reasons and Persons. Oxford University Press.
G. E. Moore (1903/2004). Principia Ethica. Dover Publications.
Roderick M. Chisholm (1986). Brentano and Intrinsic Value. Cambridge University Press.
George Edward Moore (1942). A Reply to My Critics. In Paul Arthur Schilpp (ed.), The Philosophy of G. E. Moore. Open Court
Citations of this work BETA
NG Yew-Kwang (2005). Intergenerational Impartiality: Replacing Discounting by Probability Weighting. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 18 (3):237-257.
Similar books and articles
Toby Handfield (2011). Absent Desires. Utilitas 23 (04):402-427.
Gustaf Arrhenius (1999). An Impossibility Theorem in Population Axiology with Weak Ordering Assumptions. Philosophical Studies 49:11-21.
Larry S. Temkin (1987). Intransitivity and the Mere Addition Paradox. Philosophy and Public Affairs 16 (2):138-187.
Wlodek Rabinowicz (2009). Broome and the Intuition of Neutrality. Philosophical Issues 19 (1):389-411.
Clark Wolf (1996). Social Choice and Normative Population Theory: A Person Affecting Solution to Parfit's Mere Addition Paradox. Philosophical Studies 81 (2-3):263 - 282.
Stuart Rachels (2004). Repugnance or Intransitivity: A Repugnant But Forced Choice. In Jesper Ryberg Torbjorn Tannsjo (ed.), The Repugnant Conclusion: Essays on Population Ethics. Kluwer Academic Publishers
Theodore Sider (1991). Might Theory X Be a Theory of Diminishing Marginal Value? Analysis 51 (4):265 - 271.
Added to index2010-08-10
Total downloads32 ( #123,584 of 1,796,251 )
Recent downloads (6 months)7 ( #116,526 of 1,796,251 )
How can I increase my downloads?