David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 4 (1):66 – 86 (2010)
The aim of this paper is to elaborate on the phenomenological approach to expertise as proposed by Dreyfus and Dreyfus and to give an account of the extent to which their approach may contribute to a better understanding of how athletes may use their cognitive capacities during high-level skill execution. Dreyfus and Dreyfus's non-representational view of experience-based expertise implies that, given enough relevant experience, the skill learner, when expert, will respond intuitively to immediate situations with no recourse to deliberate actions or mental representations. The paper will subsequently outline some implications and consequences of such an approach and will also examine to what extent Dreyfus and Dreyfus's skill model is capable to resist different attacks that have been made against their view, and in particular regarding the practical application of their approach to the skill domain of competitive sport.
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References found in this work BETA
Alva Noë (2005). Action in Perception. The MIT Press.
Martin Heidegger (1962). Being and Time. London, Scm Press.
John R. Searle (2004). Mind: A Brief Introduction. Oxford University Press.
Hubert L. Dreyfus (2005). Overcoming the Myth of the Mental: How Philosophers Can Profit From the Phenomenology of Everyday Expertise. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 79 (2):47 - 65.
Gunnar Breivik (2007). Skillful Coping in Everyday Life and in Sport: A Critical Examination of the Views of Heidegger and Dreyfus. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 34 (2):116-134.
Citations of this work BETA
Doris McIlwain, John Sutton & Wayne Christensen (2015). Putting Pressure on Theories of Choking: Towards an Expanded Perspective on Breakdown in Skilled Performance. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (2):253-293.
Gunnar Breivik (2014). Sporting Knowledge and the Problem of Knowing How. Journal of the Philosophy of Sport 41 (2):143-162.
John Toner, Barbara Gail Montero & Aidan Moran (2015). Considering the Role of Cognitive Control in Expert Performance. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 14 (4):1127-1144.
Gunnar Breivik (2011). Dangerous Play With the Elements: Towards a Phenomenology of Risk Sports. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 5 (3):314 - 330.
Jens Erling Birch (2011). Skills and Knowledge - Nothing but Memory? Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 5 (4):362 - 378.
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