David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Neuroethics 4 (3):235-249 (2011)
One objection to enhancement technologies is that they might lead us to live inauthentic lives. Memory modification technologies (MMTs) raise this worry in a particularly acute manner. In this paper I describe four scenarios where the use of MMTs might be said to lead to an inauthentic life. I then undertake to justify that judgment. I review the main existing accounts of authenticity, and present my own version of what I call a “true self” account (intended as a complement, rather than a substitute, to existing accounts). I briefly describe current and prospective MMTs, distinguishing between memory enhancement and memory editing . Moving then to an assessment of the initial scenarios in the light of the accounts previously described, I argue that memory enhancement does not, by its very nature, raise serious concerns about authenticity. The main threat to authenticity posed by MMTs comes, I suggest, from memory editing. Rejecting as inadequate the worries about identity raised by the President’s Council on Bioethics in Beyond Therapy , I argue instead that memory editing can cause us to live an inauthentic life in two main ways: first, by threatening its truthfulness, and secondly, by interfering with our disposition to respond in certain ways to some past events, when we have reasons to respond in such ways. This consideration allows us to justify the charge of inauthenticity in cases where existing accounts fail. It also gives us a significant moral reason not to use MMTs in ways that would lead to such an outcome
|Keywords||Authenticity Enhancement Fitting attitudes Identity Memory modification President’s council on bioethics|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Nick Bostrom (2009). Cognitive Enhancement: Methods, Ethics, Regulatory Challenges. [REVIEW] Science and Engineering Ethics 15 (3):311-341.
John Christman, Autonomy in Moral and Political Philosophy. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
John Cottingham (2010). Integrity and Fragmentation. Journal of Applied Philosophy 27 (1):2-14.
Justin D'Arms & Daniel Jacobson (2000). The Moralistic Fallacy: On the ”Appropriateness' of Emotions. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 61 (1):65--90.
David DeGrazia (2005). Human Identity and Bioethics. Cambridge University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Matthias Guth & Ralf J. Jox (2013). Medikamentöse Gedächtnismodifikation zur Prävention der Posttraumatischen Belastungsstörung: eine ethische Bewertung. [REVIEW] Ethik in der Medizin:1-15.
Similar books and articles
L. L. E. Bolt (2007). True to Oneself? Broad and Narrow Ideas on Authenticity in the Enhancement Debate. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 28 (4):285-300.
Felicitas Kraemer (2011). Authenticity Anyone? The Enhancement of Emotions Via Neuro-Psychopharmacology. Neuroethics 4 (1):51-64.
S. Matthew Liao & Anders Sandberg (2008). The Normativity of Memory Modification. Neuroethics 1 (2):85-99.
Jan Christoph Bublitz & Reinhard Merkel (2009). Autonomy and Authenticity of Enhanced Personality Traits. Bioethics 23 (6):360-374.
Marya Schechtman (2010). Memory and Identity. Philosophical Studies 153 (1):65-79.
Charles Scott (1999). Memory of Time in the Light of Flesh. Continental Philosophy Review 32 (4):421-432.
Alexandre Erler (2012). One Man's Authenticity is Another Man's Betrayal: A Reply to Levy. Journal of Applied Philosophy 29 (3):257-265.
Adam J. Kolber (2006). Therapeutic Forgetting: The Legal and Ethical Implications of Memory Dampening. Vanderbilt Law Review 59 (5):1561-1626.
Simon D. Feldman & Allan Hazlett (2013). What's Bad About Bad Faith? European Journal of Philosophy 21 (1):50-73.
Jeffrey Blustein (2008). The Moral Demands of Memory. Cambridge University Press.
Sue Campbell (2006). Our Faithfulness to the Past: Reconstructing Memory Value. Philosophical Psychology 19 (3):361 – 380.
Fabrice Teroni (2014). The Epistemological Disunity of Memory. In Anne Reboul (ed.), Mind, Values and Metaphysics: Philosophical Papers Dedicated to Kevin Mulligan, vol. 2. Springer. 183-202.
Ella Buceniece (2008). To Remember Memory. Proceedings of the Xxii World Congress of Philosophy 21:15-24.
Anton Coenen (2005). Where is the Classic Interference Theory for Sleep and Memory? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (1):67-68.
Added to index2010-11-18
Total downloads80 ( #20,500 of 1,410,041 )
Recent downloads (6 months)13 ( #17,476 of 1,410,041 )
How can I increase my downloads?