Sensed presence as a correlate of sleep paralysis distress, social anxiety and waking state social imagery
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 17 (1):49-63 (2008)
Isolated sleep paralysis is a common parasomnia characterized by an inability to move or speak and often accompanied by hallucinations of a sensed presence nearby. Recent research has linked ISP, and sensed presence more particularly, with social anxiety and other psychopathologies. The present study used a large sample of respondents to an internet questionnaire to test whether these associations are due to a general personality factor, affect distress, which is implicated in nightmare suffering and hypothesized to involve dysfunctional social imagery processes. A new measure, ISP distress, was examined in relation to features of ISP experiences, to self-reported psychopathological diagnosis, to scores on the Leibowitz Social Anxiety Scale and to scores on a new questionnaire subscale assessing social imagery in a variety of waking states. Three main results were found: ISP experiences are only weakly associated with a prior diagnosis of mental disorder, sensed presence during ISP is associated preferentially with ISP distress, and ISP distress is associated with dysfunctional social imagery. A general predisposition to affective distress may influence the distress associated with ISP experiences; overly passive social imagery may, in turn, be implicated in this affect distress influence
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Elena Frantova, Elizaveta Solomonova & Timothy Sutton (2011). Extra-Personal Awareness Through the Media-Rich Environment. AI and Society 26 (2):179-186.
Elizaveta Solomonova, Elena Frantova & Tore Nielsen (2011). Felt Presence: The Uncanny Encounters with the Numinous Other. [REVIEW] AI and Society 26 (2):171-178.
Similar books and articles
C. M. Yang & Timothy Lane (2010). What Subjective Experiences Determine the Perception of Falling Asleep During the Sleep Onset Period? Consciousness and Cognition 19 (4):1084-1092.
Tore A. Nielsen & Anne Germain (2000). Post-Traumatic Nightmares as a Dysfunctional State. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):978-979.
Robert P. Vertes (2005). Sleep is for Rest, Waking Consciousness is for Learning and Memory – of Any Kind. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (1):86-87.
J. Allan Hobson, Edward F. Pace-Schott & Robert Stickgold (2003). Dreaming and the Brain: Toward a Cognitive Neuroscience of Conscious States. In Edward F. Pace-Schott, Mark Solms, Mark Blagrove & Stevan Harnad (eds.), Sleep and Dreaming: Scientific Advances and Reconsiderations. Cambridge University Press. 793-842.
J. F. Pagel (2000). Dreaming is Not a Non-Conscious Electrophysiologic State. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):984-988.
Edward F. Pace-Schott (2005). Complex Hallucinations in Waking Suggest Mechanisms of Dream Construction. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (6):771-772.
T. Nielsen (2007). Felt Presence: Paranoid Delusion or Hallucinatory Social Imagery?☆. Consciousness and Cognition 16 (4):975-983.
M. J. Baker (1954). Sleeping and Waking. Mind 63 (October):539-543.
J. A. Cheyne, S. D. Rueffer & I. R. Newby-Clark (1999). Hypnagogic and Hypnopompic Hallucinations During Sleep Paralysis: Neurological and Cultural Construction of the Night-Mare. Consciousness and Cognition 8 (3):319-337.
W. von Leyden (1956). Sleeping and Waking. Mind 65 (April):241-245.
J. Allan Hobson, Edward F. Pace-Schott & Robert Stickgold (2000). Dreaming and the Brain: Toward a Cognitive Neuroscience of Conscious States. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):793-842; 904-1018; 1083-1121.
Margaret Macdonald (1953). Sleeping and Waking. Mind 62 (April):202-215.
Ronald Szymusiak (2005). The Challenge of Identifying Cellular Mechanisms of Memory Formation During Sleep. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (1):84-85.
Anton Coenen (2000). The Divorce of Rem Sleep and Dreaming. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):922-924.
Added to index2010-08-24
Total downloads4 ( #288,904 of 1,410,123 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #177,589 of 1,410,123 )
How can I increase my downloads?