David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Synthese 123 (2):263-278 (2000)
I provide an intuitive, semantic account of a new logic for comparisons , in which atomic statements are assigned both a classical truth-value and a "how much" value or extension in the range [0, 1]. The truth-value of each comparison is determined by the extensions of its component sentences; the truth-value of each atomic depends on whether its extension matches a separate standard for its predicate; everything else is computed classically. CL is less radical than Casari's comparative logics, in that it does not allow for the formation of comparative statements out of truth-functional molecules. I argue that CL provides a better analysis of comparisons and predicate vagueness than classical logic, fuzzy logic or supervaluation theory. CL provides a model for descriptions of the world in terms of comparisons only. The sorites paradox can be solved by the elimination of atomic sentences
|Keywords||Philosophy Philosophy Epistemology Logic Metaphysics Philosophy of Language|
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