The End-Relational Theory of 'Ought' and the Weight of Reasons

Dialectica 64 (3):405-417 (2010)
Abstract
Stephen Finlay analyses ‘ought’ in terms of probability. According to him, normative ‘ought's are statements about the likelihood that an act will realize some (contextually supplied) end. I raise a problem for this theory. It concerns the relation between ‘ought’ and the balance of reasons. ‘A ought to Φ’ seems to entail that the balance of reasons favours that A Φ-es, and vice versa. Given Finlay's semantics for ‘ought’, it also makes sense to think of reasons and their weight in terms of probability. In this paper, I develop such a theory of weight. It turns out, however, that it cannot explain the entailments. This leaves Finlay with a challenge: to explain these entailments in some other way consistent with his theory, or to show why the appearances deceive and there are no such entailments
Keywords ought  reasons  weight of reasons  Stephen Finlay  moral semantics
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References found in this work BETA
Stephen Finlay (2009). Oughts and Ends. Philosophical Studies 143 (3):315 - 340.
Stephen Finlay (2008). The Error in the Error Theory. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 86 (3):347-369.
Stephen Finlay (2006). The Reasons That Matter. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 84 (1):1 – 20.
Stephen Finlay (2005). Value and Implicature. Philosophers’ Imprint 5 (4):1-20.

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Citations of this work BETA
Daan Evers (2013). Weight for Stephen Finlay. Philosophical Studies 163 (3):737-749.
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