David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Philosophy 98 (1):19-42 (2001)
Why is science so rare and faith so common in human history? Traditional cultures persist because it is subjectively rational for each maturing child to defer to the unanimous beliefs of his elders, regardless of any personal doubts. Science is possible only when individuals promote new theories (which will probably be proven false) and forgo the epistemic advantages of accepting established views (which are more likely to be true). Hence, progressive science progress must rely upon the epistemic altruism of experimental thinkers, while traditions of faith depend on the epistemic self-interest of their followers.
|Keywords||rationality faith science testimony disagreement altruism|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
William J. Collinge (1988). The Relation of Religious Community Life to Rationality in Augustine. Faith and Philosophy 5 (3):242-253.
Wolfgang Spohn (2002). The Many Facets of the Theory of Rationality. Croatian Journal of Philosophy 2 (3):249-264.
Edward Stein (1996). Without Good Reason: The Rationality Debate in Philosophy and Cognitive Science. Oxford University Press.
Xavier Vanmechelen (1998). Does Rationality Presuppose Irrationality. Philosophical Explorations 1 (2):126 – 139.
Robert Audi (1995). Perceptual Experience, Doxastic Practice, and the Rationality of Religious Commitment. Journal of Philosophical Research 20:1-18.
Lara Buchak (2012). Can It Be Rational to Have Faith? In Jacob Chandler & Victoria Harrison (eds.), Probability in the Philosophy of Religion. Oxford University Press 225.
Harvey Siegel (1985). What is the Question Concerning the Rationality of Science? Philosophy of Science 52 (4):517-537.
Thomas Kelly (2007). Evidence and Normativity: Reply to Leite. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 75 (2):465–474.
Gonzalo Munevar (1986). Consensus and Evolution in Science. PSA: Proceedings of the Biennial Meeting of the Philosophy of Science Association 1986:120 - 129.
Danny Frederick (2013). Popper, Rationality and the Possibility of Social Science. Theoria 28 (1):61-75.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads145 ( #9,394 of 1,699,425 )
Recent downloads (6 months)9 ( #69,042 of 1,699,425 )
How can I increase my downloads?