David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophy in the Contemporary World 14 (1):22-37 (2007)
This paper deals with the policy of affirmative action as an additional means for achieving equality of opportunity in society. It assumes that in modem society-at least in principle-the superior positions are distributed according to merit, and on the basis of fair competition. I argue that formal equality of opportunity injects apparently neutral requirements, such as experience, into the selection procedure for top positions, that, in fact, act particularly against women, since they allow the past employment situation to affect the new selection. I use a statistical argument to show that without preferential treatment towards women, they will not overcome structural obstacles that prevent them from getting top positions. I also use the same argument to show that affirmative action at present contributes to equality of opportunity in the future
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Harry Brighouse (2007). Equality of Opportunity and Complex Equality: The Special Place of Schooling. [REVIEW] Res Publica 13 (2):147-158.
Larry A. Alexander (1985). Fair Equality of Opportunity. Philosophy Research Archives 11:197-208.
Paula Chegwidden & Wendy R. Katz (1983). American and Canadian Perspectives on Affirmative Action: A Response to the Fraser Institute. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 2 (3):191 - 202.
Robert S. Taylor (2009). Rawlsian Affirmative Action. Ethics 119 (3):476-506.
Steven N. Durlauf (2008). Affirmative Action, Meritocracy, and Efficiency. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 7 (2):131-158.
John O'Dea (2007). The Value in Equal Opportunity: Reply to Kershnar. Journal of Applied Philosophy 24 (2):177–187.
Mark Navin (2008). Fair Equality of Opportunity in Global Justice. Social Philosophy Today 24:39-52.
Anita L. Allen (2011). Was I Entitled or Should I Apologize? Affirmative Action Going Forward. Journal of Ethics 15 (3):253-263.
Matt Cavanagh (2003). Against Equality of Opportunity. Clarendon Press.
Louis P. Pojman (1998). The Case Against Affirmative Action. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 12 (1):97-115.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads24 ( #69,053 of 1,096,617 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #51,759 of 1,096,617 )
How can I increase my downloads?