Consciousness and self-reference

Erkenntnis 43 (2):151-80 (1995)
Reflection on the self's way of being "in" consciousness yields two arguments for a theory of self-reference not based in any way all all on self-cognition. First, I show that one theory of self-reference predicts an experience of the self because the theory inadequately analyzes the semantical facts about indexicality. I construct a dilemma for this cognitivism, which it cannot get out of, for it requires even solitary self-reference to be based on some original self-knowledge, which is not available. I describe my "kinetic model" of unspoken self-reference, and I show how it fits the facts of four forms of consciousness, all of which presuppose self-reference, rather than yield it. Second, a speaker uses the first person pronoun in sentences because she is aware of the unmediated role in agency of the beliefs she would express, and not because she is aware of herself in their content. The cognitive model, in contrast, succumbs to a vicious regress and is exposed as an obstacle to an understanding of consciousness
Keywords Cognition  Consciousness  Epistemology  Knowledge  Model  Self-reference
Categories (categorize this paper)
DOI 10.1007/BF01128194
 Save to my reading list
Follow the author(s)
My bibliography
Export citation
Find it on Scholar
Edit this record
Mark as duplicate
Revision history Request removal from index
Download options
PhilPapers Archive

Upload a copy of this paper     Check publisher's policy on self-archival     Papers currently archived: 16,667
External links
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
Through your library
References found in this work BETA

View all 30 references / Add more references

Citations of this work BETA

No citations found.

Add more citations

Similar books and articles
Sara Worley (1997). Belief and Consciousness. Philosophical Psychology 10 (1):41-55.
John Campbell (2011). Consciousness and Reference. In Brian McLaughlin, Ansgar Beckermann & Sven Walter (eds.), The Oxford Handbook of Philosophy of Mind. OUP Oxford
Kirk A. Ludwig (1993). Direct Reference in Thought and Speech. Communication and Cognition: An Interdisciplinary Quarterly Journal 26 (1):49-76.
Dieter Sturma (2007). Person as Subject. Journal of Consciousness Studies 14 (s 5-6):77-100.
Thomas Metzinger (2003). Phenomenal Transparency and Cognitive Self-Reference. Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 2 (4):353-393.
C. G. Prado (1977). Reference and Consciousness. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 55 (May):22-26.

Monthly downloads

Added to index


Total downloads

53 ( #64,560 of 1,726,249 )

Recent downloads (6 months)

3 ( #231,316 of 1,726,249 )

How can I increase my downloads?

My notes
Sign in to use this feature

Start a new thread
There  are no threads in this forum
Nothing in this forum yet.