David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Linguistics and Philosophy 35 (4):285-312 (2012)
This paper develops an analysis of a scalar implicature that is induced by the use of reportative evidentials such as the Cuzco Quechua enclitic = si and the German modal sollen. Reportatives, in addition to specifying the speaker’s source of information for a statement as a report by someone else, also usually convey that the speaker does not have direct evidence for the proposition expressed. While this type of implicature can be calculated using the same kind of Gricean reasoning that underlies other scalar implicatures, it requires two departures from standard assumptions. First, evidential scalar implicatures differ from the more familiar scalar implicatures in that they do not turn on the notion of informativeness but on the notion of evidential strength. Second, the implicature arises on the illocutionary level of meaning. It is argued that a version of Grice’s maxim of quantity in terms of illocutionary strength can account for this evidential scalar implicature as well as for the more typical scalar implicatures. The account developed also proposes some revisions to the taxonomy of speech acts and suggests that the sincerity conditions of assertive speech acts contain an evidential sincerity condition in addition to the belief condition standardly assumed
|Keywords||Evidentials Scalar implicatures Informativeness Speech acts Illocutionary strength Epistemic step|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Kent Bach (2005). The Top 10 Minconceptions About Implicature. In , Festchrift for Larry Horn. John Benjamins.
Cathrine Fabricius-Hansen & Kjell Johan Sæbø (2004). In a Mediative Mood: The Semantics of the German Reportive Subjunctive. [REVIEW] Natural Language Semantics 12 (3):213-257.
M. Faller (2004). The Deictic Core of 'Non-Experienced Past' in Cuzco Quechua. Journal of Semantics 21 (1):45-85.
Bart Geurts (2010). Quantity Implicatures. Cambridge University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Chris Cummins, Uli Sauerland & Stephanie Solt (2012). Granularity and Scalar Implicature in Numerical Expressions. Linguistics and Philosophy 35 (2):135-169.
Owen Greenhall (2008). Against Chierchia's Computational Account of Scalar Implicatures. Proceedings of the Aristotelian Society 108 (1pt3):373-384.
Daniel Rothschild (2013). Game Theory and Scalar Implicatures. Philosophical Perspectives 27 (1):438-478.
Leon Horsten (2005). On the Quantitative Scalar or-Implicature. Synthese 146 (1-2):111 - 127.
Arnold Chien (2008). Scalar Implicature and Contrastive Explanation. Synthese 161 (1):47 - 66.
Bart Geurts (2009). Scalar Implicature and Local Pragmatics. Mind and Language 24 (1):51-79.
Robert van Rooij (2008). Games and Quantity Implicatures. Journal of Economic Methodology 15 (3):261-274.
Uli Sauerland (2004). Scalar Implicatures in Complex Sentences. Linguistics and Philosophy 27 (3):367-391.
Added to index2012-10-02
Total downloads11 ( #154,703 of 1,410,271 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #177,872 of 1,410,271 )
How can I increase my downloads?