David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Philosophy 106 (1):29-56 (2009)
In order to lie, you have to say something that you believe to be false. But lying is not simply saying what you believe to be false. Philosophers have made several suggestions for what the additional condition might be. For example, it has been suggested that the liar has to intend to deceive (Augustine 395, Bok 1978, Mahon 2006), that she has to believe that she will deceive (Chisholm and Feehan 1977), or that she has to warrant the truth of what she says (Carson 2006). In this paper, I argue that none of the existing definitions of lying identify a necessary condition on lying. I claim that lying is saying what you believe to be false when you believe that the following norm of conversation is in effect: "Do not say what you believe to be false" (Grice 1989, 27). And I argue that this definition handles all of the counter-examples to the existing definitions
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Alexander R. Pruss (2012). Sincerely Asserting What You Do Not Believe. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 90 (3):541 - 546.
Adam J. Arico & Don Fallis (2013). Lies, Damned Lies, and Statistics: An Empirical Investigation of the Concept of Lying. Philosophical Psychology 26 (6):790 - 816.
Andreas Stokke (2014). Insincerity. Noûs 48 (3):496-520.
Michael S. Pardo & Dennis Patterson (2011). More on the Conceptual and the Empirical: Misunderstandings, Clarifications, and Replies. [REVIEW] Neuroethics 4 (3):215-222.
Michael Pardo & Dennis Patterson (2011). Minds, Brains, and Norms. Neuroethics 4 (3):179-190.
Similar books and articles
Thomas L. Carson (2006). The Definition of Lying. Noûs 40 (2):284–306.
Thomas Carson (1993). Second Thoughts About Bluffing. Business Ethics Quarterly 3 (4):317-341.
Rachel Lynette (2009). How to Deal with Lying. Powerkids Press.
Gini Graham Scott (2010). Playing the Lying Game: Detecting and Dealing with Lies and Liars, From Occasional Fibbers to Frequent Fabricators. Praeger.
Thomas L. Carson (1988). On the Definition of Lying: A Reply to Jones and Revisions. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 7 (7):509 - 514.
Gary E. Jones (1986). Lying and Intentions. Journal of Business Ethics 5 (4):347 - 349.
Thomas Carson (2008). Liar Liar. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 22 (2):189-210.
Andreas Stokke (2013). Lying and Asserting. Journal of Philosophy 110 (1):33-60.
James Edwin Mahon (2008). Two Definitions of Lying. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 22 (2):211-230.
Don Fallis (2010). Lying and Deception. Philosophers' Imprint 10 (11).
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads215 ( #2,592 of 1,099,682 )
Recent downloads (6 months)13 ( #16,713 of 1,099,682 )
How can I increase my downloads?