David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Theoria 76 (2):152-166 (2010)
Gyekye argues for the moral supremacy of certain duties. The individual is, as a natural member of the cultural community, morally obligated to respect community values; co-operate with fellow community members, be sensitive to the economic plight of others and morally expected to respect the elderly. Though Gyekye recognizes the moral need to respect certain individual rights, in the case of a moral clash between those rights and the values cherished by the community, the latter must be upheld. I wish to critically examine the arguments in support of this position. Contrary to Gyekye's view, I argue that the natural interpersonal bond among members of the same cultural community does not strongly support some of the duties mentioned. However, I am not arguing that the individual person is not morally obligated to the cultural community at all. I argue that natural membership of the cultural community could be a necessary condition for the justification of certain duties; it is not, morally, a sufficient condition.
|Keywords||rights communal membership obligations communal values communitarianism|
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References found in this work BETA
John Rawls (1971/2005). A Theory of Justice. Harvard University Press.
David P. Gauthier (1986). Morals by Agreement. Oxford University Press.
John Stuart Mill (1999). On Liberty. Broadview Press.
John Rawls (2009/2005). A Theory of Justice. In Steven M. Cahn (ed.), Philosophy and Rhetoric. Oxford University Press 133-135.
Will Kymlicka (2002). Contemporary Political Philosophy: An Introduction. Oxford University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Oritsegbubemi Anthony Oyowe (2014). An African Conception of Human Rights? Comments on the Challenges of Relativism. Human Rights Review 15 (3):329-347.
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