David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Erkenntnis 68 (1):41 - 53 (2008)
Wesley Salmon and John Earman have presented influential Bayesian reconstructions of Thomas Kuhn’s account of theory-change. In this paper I argue that all attempts to give a Bayesian reading of Kuhn’s philosophy of science are fundamentally misguided due to the fact that Bayesian confirmation theory is in fact inconsistent with Kuhn’s account. The reasons for this inconsistency are traced to the role the concept of incommensurability plays with reference to the ‘observational vocabulary’ within Kuhn’s picture of scientific theories. The upshot of the discussion is that it is impossible to integrate both Kuhn’s claims and Bayesianism within a coherent account of theory-change.
|Keywords||Theory change Bayesianism Confirmation theory Values Incommensurability Meaning holism Prior probability Kantianism|
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References found in this work BETA
Alexander Bird (2003). Kuhn, Nominalism, and Empiricism. Philosophy of Science 70 (4):690-719.
Alexander Bird, Thomas Kuhn. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Richard Boyd (1984). Scientific Realism. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy 21 (1&2):767-791.
John Earman (1992). Bayes or Bust? A Critical Examination of Bayesian Confirmation Theory. Mit Press.
Michael Friedman (2001). Dynamics of Reason: The 1999 Kant Lectures at Stanford University. Csli Publications.
Citations of this work BETA
K. Brad Wray (2012). Assessing the Influence of Kuhn's Structure of Scientific Revolutions. Metascience 21 (1):1-10.
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