David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Philosophy in the Contemporary World 15 (2):114-128 (2008)
Major strands of the history of scientific psychology proposed less mechanistic explanations of behavior than the “series of billiard ball reactions” that Ellis ascribes to them. I tease apart psychological systems based on hedonism and those based on stimulus-response mechanisms-and then tease apart basic hedonism and drive-reduction hedonism, to layout psychological and neuroscientific foundations for the active, dynamic, cognitive, emotive, and "spiritual" dynamics of human nature which Ellis calls us to affirm. I trace these distinctions through the drive-reduction psychoanalysis of Freud, the drive-reduction behaviorism of Hull, and the non-drive-reductive hedonistic system of Skinner. Then I trace the recent neuroscience of reward and punishment circuits and putative narcissistic and altruistic circuits, to conclude that Behaviorism and Neuroscience support broad hedonistic but major non-drive-reduction motivational systems. I affirm Ellis’ contention that emotions are basically “active”, although with some caveats and questions
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Peter Nilsson (2013). Butler's Stone and Ultimate Psychological Hedonism. Philosophia 41 (2):545-553.
Ralph D. Ellis (2008). Love, Religion, and the Psychology of Inspiration. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 15 (2):6-40.
Paul Katsafanas (2013). Nietzsche's Philosophical Psychology. In John Richardson & Ken Gemes (eds.), Oxford Handbook of Nietzsche. Oxford. 727-755.
Raphael van Riel (2010). Identity-Based Reduction and Reductive Explanation. Philosophia Naturalis 47 (1-2):183-219.
Dale Dorsey (2011). The Hedonist's Dilemma. Journal of Moral Philosophy 8 (2):173-196.
Cory D. Wright (2007). Is Psychological Explanation Going Extinct? In Huib Looren de Jong & Maurice Schouten (eds.), The Matter of the Mind: Philosophical Essays on Psychology, Neuroscience and Reduction. Oxford: Blackwell.
Ralf-Peter Behrendt (2005). Affiliative Drive: Could This Be Disturbed in Childhood Autism? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 28 (3):350-351.
Joseph U. Neisser (2005). The Shape of Things to Come: Psychoneural Reduction and the Future of Psychology. [REVIEW] Phenomenology and the Cognitive Sciences 4 (3):259-269.
Joseph Mendola (2006). Intuitive Hedonism. Philosophical Studies 128 (2):441 - 477.
Sandy Berkovski (2012). The Possibility of Modified Hedonism. Theoria 78 (3):186-212.
Geir Overskeid (2002). Psychological Hedonism and the Nature of Motivation: Bertrand Russell's Anhedonic Desires. Philosophical Psychology 15 (1):77 – 93.
C. R. Legg (1988). Connectionism and Physiological Psychology: A Marriage Made in Heaven? Philosophical Psychology 1 (3):263-78.
Added to index2011-01-09
Total downloads4 ( #259,269 of 1,103,038 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #120,820 of 1,103,038 )
How can I increase my downloads?