David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Consciousness and Cognition 17 (3):646-656 (2008)
Change blindness—our inability to detect changes in a stimulus—occurs even when the change takes place gradually, without any disruption (Simons et al., 2000). Such gradual changes are more difficult to detect than changes that involve a disruption. Using this method, David et al. (in press) recently showed substantial blindness to changes that involve facial expressions of emotion. In this experiment, we show that people who failed to detect any change in the displays were (1) nevertheless influenced by the changing information in subsequent recognition decisions about which facial expression they had seen, and (2) that their confidence in their decisions was lower after exposure to changing vs. static displays. The findings therefore support the notion that undetected changes that occur in highly salient stimuli may be causally efficacious and influence subsequent behaviour. Implications concerning the nature of the representations associated with undetected changes are discussed
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References found in this work BETA
J. Kevin O'Regan & Alva Noë (2001). A Sensorimotor Account of Vision and Visual Consciousness. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 24 (5):883-917.
Ronald A. Rensink, J. Kevin O'Regan & James J. Clark (1997). To See or Not to See: The Need for Attention to Perceive Changes in Scenes. Psychological Science 8:368-373.
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Citations of this work BETA
Bruno Berberian & Axel Cleeremans (2010). Endogenous Versus Exogenous Change: Change Detection, Self and Agency. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):198-214.
Corrado Caudek & Fulvio Domini (2013). Priming Effects Under Correct Change Detection and Change Blindness. Consciousness and Cognition 22 (1):290-305.
Bruno Berberian, Stephanie Chambaron-Ginhac & Axel Cleeremans (2010). Action Blindness in Response to Gradual Changes. Consciousness and Cognition 19 (1):152-171.
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