David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Dao: A Journal of Comparative Philosophy 9 (3):323-337 (2010)
Within the literature, Daoist political philosophy has often been linked with anarchism. While some extended arguments have been offered in favor of this conclusion, I take this position to be tenuous and predicated on an assumption that coercive authority cannot be applied through wuwei. Focusing on the Laozi as the fundamental political text of classical Daoism, I lay out a general account of why one ought to be skeptical of classifying it as anarchistic. Keeping this skepticism in mind and recognizing the importance of wuwei in arguments for the anarchist conclusion, I provide a non-anarchistic interpretation of wuwei as a political technique that is consistent with the text of the Laozi. Having presented a plausible alternative to the anarchist understanding of wuwei, I close my discussion with a brief sketch of a positive account of the political theory of the Laozi
|Keywords||Classical Daoism Laozi Political philosophy wuwei Anarchism|
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References found in this work BETA
Robert Nozick (1974). Anarchy, State and Utopia. Basic Books.
Edward G. Slingerland (2003). Effortless Action: Wu-Wei as Conceptual Metaphor and Spiritual Ideal in Early China. Oxford University Press.
Benjamin I. Schwartz (1985). The World of Thought in Ancient China. Belknap Press of Harvard University Press.
A. C. Graham (1992). Disputers of the Tao: Philosophical Argument in Ancient China. Philosophical Review 101 (3):717-719.
Roger T. Ames & David L. Hall (2003). Dao De Jing: Making This Life Significant: A Philosophical Translation. Ballantine Books.
Citations of this work BETA
Aleksandar Stamatov (2014). TheLaoziand Anarchism. Asian Philosophy 24 (3):260-278.
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