David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Consciousness and Cognition 11 (1):114-122 (2002)
The attentional blink (AB) is an impairment of attention, which occurs when subjects have to report a target stimulus (T2) following a previous target (T1) with a short delay (up to 600 ms). Theories explaining the AB assume that processing of T2 is more vulnerable to decay or substitution, as long as attention is allocated to T1. Existing models of the AB, however, do not account for the fact that T2 detection accuracy reaches the minimum when T2 is presented after about 300 ms and not immediately following T1. Therefore, a new model is suggested, which is based on chronometrical considerations together with recent neurophysiological findings concerning the relation between the P3 event-related potential and the AB, the interaction between P3 and gamma oscillations, and the significance of the early evoked gamma band response. We hypothesize that suppression of the early gamma response to T2, accompanying the P3 related to T1, causes the AB.
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References found in this work BETA
Emanuel Donchin & Michael G. H. Coles (1988). Is the P300 Component a Manifestation of Context Updating? Behavioral and Brain Sciences 11 (3):357.
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Citations of this work BETA
Lawrence M. Ward (2003). Synchronous Neural Oscillations and Cognitive Processes. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 7 (12):553-559.
J. Fell (2004). Identifying Neural Correlates of Consciousness: The State Space Approach. Consciousness and Cognition 13 (4):709-29.
Christoph S. Herrmann, Matthias H. J. Munk & Andreas K. Engel (2004). Cognitive Functions of Gamma-Band Activity: Memory Match and Utilization. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 8 (8):347-355.
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