David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Utilitas 24 (02):151-171 (2012)
Act-utilitarianism and other theories in normative ethics confront the implementability problem: normal human agents, with normal human epistemic abilities, lack the information needed to use those theories directly for the selection of actions. Two Level Theories have been offered in reply. The theoretical level component states alleged necessary and sufficient conditions for moral rightness. That component is supposed to be true, but is not intended for practical use. It gives an account of objective obligation. The practical level component is offered as an implementable system for the choice of actions by agents lacking some relevant information. It gives an account of subjective obligation. Several different ways of developing Two Levelism are explained and criticized. Five conditions that must be satisfied if the practical level principle is to be a good match for a given theoretical level principle are stated. A better form of Two Levelism is presented.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
R. Eugene Bales (1971). Act-Utilitarianism: Account of Right-Making Characteristics or Decision-Making Procedure? American Philosophical Quarterly 8 (3):257 - 265.
Daniel Doviak (2011). A New Form of Agent-Based Virtue Ethics. Ethical Theory and Moral Practice 14 (3):259-272.
Fred Feldman (1995). Adjusting Utility for Justice: A Consequentialist Reply to the Objection From Justice. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 55 (3):567-585.
Fred Feldman (1995). Adjusting Utility for Justice. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 55 (3):567 - 585.
Robert L. Frazier (1994). Act Utilitarianism and Decision Procedures. Utilitas 6 (1):43-53.
Citations of this work BETA
Michael Moehler (2014). The Scope of Instrumental Morality. Philosophical Studies 167 (2):431-451.
Joachim Wündisch (2014). Green Votes Not Green Virtues: Effective Utilitarian Responses to Climate Change. Utilitas 26 (2):192-205.
Similar books and articles
Ben Goertzel (1992). What is Hierarchical Selection? Biology and Philosophy 7 (1):27-33.
Anita Kasabova (2002). Is Logic a Theoretical or Practical Discipline? Kant and/or Bolzano. Archiv für Geschichte der Philosophie 84 (3):319-333.
Martin Davies (1989). Connectionism, Modularity and Tacit Knowledge. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 40 (December):541-55.
Harold Kincaid (1988). Supervenience and Explanation. Synthese 77 (November):251-81.
Alastair Norcross (2005). Contextualism for Consequentialists. Acta Analytica 20 (2):80-90.
André Krom (2011). The Harm Principle as a Mid-Level Principle? Three Problems From the Context of Infectious Disease Control. Bioethics 25 (8):437-444.
Parker Crutchfield (2011). Representing High-Level Properties in Perceptual Experience. Philosophical Psychology 25 (2):279 - 294.
Wim de Muijnck (2003). Wide Physical Realization. Inquiry 46 (1):97 – 111.
Fritz Rohrlich (2004). Realism Despite Cognitive Antireductionism. International Studies in the Philosophy of Science 18 (1):73 – 88.
Ernest Sosa (2009). Knowing Full Well: The Normativity of Beliefs as Performances. Philosophical Studies 142 (1):5 - 15.
B. C. Postow (1999). Reasons for Action: Toward a Normative Theory and Meta-Level Criteria. Kluwer Academic.
Paul R. Thagard (1978). The Best Explanation: Criteria for Theory Choice. Journal of Philosophy 75 (2):76-92.
Alastair Norcross (2005). Peacemaking Philosophy or Appeasement? Sterba's Argument for Compromise. International Journal of Applied Philosophy 19 (2):285-296.
P. DesAutels (1995). Two Types of Theories: The Impact of Churchland's Perceptual Plasticity. Philosophical Psychology 8 (1):25-33.
Svetlana McCoy (2003). Connecting Information Structure and Discourse Structure Through ``Kontrast'': The Case of Colloquial Russian Particles -TO, Že, and Ved'. [REVIEW] Journal of Logic, Language and Information 12 (3):319-335.
Added to index2012-05-23
Total downloads88 ( #15,334 of 1,100,101 )
Recent downloads (6 months)8 ( #33,348 of 1,100,101 )
How can I increase my downloads?
|Start a new thread||There is 1 thread in this forum|
Richard Yetter Chappell
University of York
For anyone interested, I've a two-part response up at philosophyetc.net:
(1) Assessing Decision Procedures: Background
(2) Action Guidance and Rational Decision Procedures