|Abstract||Some people voluntarily provide public goods while others take a free ride. Are the providers acting rationally? Should they instead follow the example of the free-rider? What are the rational and moral justifications for voluntary provision? This dissertation examines five ways to justify voluntary provision: rational prudence, social norms, group agency, fairness, and altruism. It suggests that altruism provides the best possible defense. Considerations of fairness may also provide a justification in some circumstances, but generally this argument is vulnerable to the objection that free-riding is often a legitimate way of protecting oneself from exploitation by other free-riders. In places, the dissertation relies on simple game theoretic models and intuitive economic equilibrium notions to analyze public good situations. The dissertation closes with a discussion of the government's role in providing public goods. An argument is made that, for certain kinds of goods (those over which preferences are public, but whose benefits are private), the standard public goods argument is not appropriate to homogeneous populations. If this is correct, other justifications for governmental provision must be summoned for goods of this form.|
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
No categories specified
(categorize this paper)
|Through your library||Only published papers are available at libraries|
Similar books and articles
Michael Hannis, Public Provision of Environmental Goods: Neutrality or Sustainability? A Reply to David Miller.
Hal R. Varian (1993). Markets for Public Goods? Critical Review 7 (4):539-557.
Antonio Villanacci & Ünal Zenginobuz, On the Neutrality of Redistribution in a General Equilibrium Model with Public Goods.
Garrett Cullity (2008). Public Goods and Fairness. Australasian Journal of Philosophy 86 (1):1 – 21.
Tyler Cowen & Gregory Kavka (2003). The Public Goods Rationale for Government and the Circularity Problem. Politics, Philosophy and Economics 2 (2):265-277.
Jonny Anomaly (2011). Public Health and Public Goods. Public Health Ethics 4 (3):251-259.
Harold Demsetz (1993). The Private Production of Public Goods, Once Again. Critical Review 7 (4):559-566.
William Boardman, Some Themes in David Schmidtz, the Limits of Government: An Essay on the Public Goods Argument (Westview Press: 1991).
David Miller (1993). Public Goods Without the State. Critical Review 7 (4):505-523.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads19 ( #71,150 of 722,745 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #60,247 of 722,745 )
How can I increase my downloads?