On the need to redress an inadequacy in animal welfare science: toward an internally coherent framework
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Biology and Philosophy 27 (1):73-93 (2012)
The time is ripe for a greater interrogation of assumptions and commitments underlying an emerging common ground on the ethics of animal research as well on the 3 R (replacement, refinement, reduction) approach that parallels, and perhaps even further shapes, it. Recurring pressures to re-evaluate the moral status of some animals in research comes as much from within the relevant sciences as without. It seems incredible, in the light of what we now know of such animals as chimpanzees, to deny that these animals are properly accorded high moral status. Barring the requirement that they be human, it is difficult to see what more animals such as chimpanzees would have to possess to acquire it. If the grounds for ascribing high moral status are to be non-arbitrary and responsive to our best knowledge of those individuals who possess the relevant features, we should expect that a sound ethical experimental science will periodically reassess the moral status of their research subjects as the relevant knowledge demands. We already can observe this reassessment as scientists committed to humane experimental science incorporate discoveries of enrichment tools and techniques into their housing and use of captive research animals. No less should this reassessment include a critical reflection on the possible elevation of moral status of certain research animals in light of what is discovered regarding their morally significant properties, characteristics or capacities, or so I will argue. To do anything short of this threatens the social and moral legitimacy of animal research
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Colin Allen (2005). Deciphering Animal Pain. In Murat Aydede (ed.), Pain: New Essays on Its Nature and the Methodology of Its Study. Cambridge MA: Bradford Book/MIT Press.
Colin Allen (2006). Ethics and the Science of Animal Minds. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27 (4):375-394.
Colin Allen & Marc Bekoff (2007). Animal Minds, Cognitive Ethology, and Ethics. Journal of Ethics 11 (3):299-317.
Annette Baier (1991). A Naturalist View of Persons. Proceedings and Addresses of the American Philosophical Association 65 (3):5 - 17.
Françoise Baylis & Andrew Fenton (2007). Chimera Research and Stem Cell Therapies for Human Neurodegenerative Disorders. Cambridge Quarterly of Healthcare Ethics 16 (02):195-208.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
David DeGrazia (2002). Animal Rights: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press.
Claire Molloy (2011). Popular Media and Animals. Palgrave Macmillan.
Brian Schrag (2004). Commentary on “the Gladiator Sparrow: Ethical Issues in Behavioral Research on Captive Populations of Wild Animals”. Science and Engineering Ethics 10 (4):726-730.
Rebecca L. Walker (2006). Human and Animal Subjects of Research: The Moral Significance of Respect Versus Welfare. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 27 (4):305-331.
John Rossi (2010). Is Equal Moral Consideration Really Compatible with Unequal Moral Status? Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 20 (3):251-276.
David DeGrazia (1996). Taking Animals Seriously: Mental Life and Moral Status. Cambridge University Press.
Marc Bekoff (2007). Animals Matter: A Biologist Explains Why We Should Treat Animals with Compassion and Respect. Distributed in the United States by Random House.
Mark H. Bernstein (2004). Without a Tear: Our Tragic Relationship with Animals. University of Illinois Press.
Lisa Bortolotti (2007). Disputes Over Moral Status: Philosophy and Science in the Future of Bioethics. [REVIEW] Health Care Analysis 15 (2):153-8.
Sandra F. Watt, Utilitarianism and Buddist Ethics: A Comparative Approach to the Ethics of Animal Research.
Bernice Bovenkerk & Franck L. B. Meijboom (2013). Fish Welfare in Aquaculture: Explicating the Chain of Interactions Between Science and Ethics. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (1):41-61.
Kirsten Schmidt (2011). Concepts of Animal Welfare in Relation to Positions in Animal Ethics. Acta Biotheoretica 59 (2):153-171.
Jean Kazez (2010). Animalkind: What We Owe to Animals. Wiley-Blackwell.
Corinne Painter (2006). Aristotle and the Moral Status of Animals. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 13 (2):45-57.
Francine L. Dolins (ed.) (1999). Attitudes to Animals: Views in Animal Welfare. Cambridge University Press.
Added to index2011-09-18
Total downloads11 ( #141,991 of 1,099,909 )
Recent downloads (6 months)3 ( #127,115 of 1,099,909 )
How can I increase my downloads?