David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Inquiry 29 (1-4):391 – 406 (1986)
Meat-eating as a human practice has been under ethical attack from philosophers such as Peter Singer and Tom Regan on both utilitarian and deontological grounds. An organicist ethic, on the other hand, recognizes that all life other than the primary producers, the plants, must feed on life. This essay affirms, with many environmental ethicists, the moralconsiderability of biota other than the human, but denies that this enlargement of the moral community beyond Homo sapiens necessarily precludes our eating of meat. First, absolute deontological arguments against meat-eating are disputed, then utilitarian-hedonistic arguments are shown not to be sufficient to require ethical vegetarianism. Both sorts of arguments have strengths, however, that set us on guard against current abuses in the meat-raising and slaughtering industries. If the principle of 'due respect' for beings with different degrees of intrinsic value is honored, then moderate meat-eating under reformed social practices can be seen as licit. Two final problems then require investigation: the problem of dietary justice for poor humans and the problem of 'speciesism'. Dealing with the latter requires discussion of cannibalism and the ethics of humans being eaten by still higher 'aliens'.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Martin Buber (1970). I and Thou. New York,Scribner.
Frederick Ferre (1986). Personalism and the Dignity of Nature. The Personalist Forum 2 (1):1-28.
Kenneth E. Goodpaster (1978). On Being Morally Considerable. Journal of Philosophy 75 (6):308-325.
Immanuel Kant (1909/2004). Critique of Practical Reason and Other Works on the Theory of Ethics. Barnes & Noble Books.
Citations of this work BETA
Jennifer Everett (2001). Environmental Ethics, Animal Welfarism, and the Problem of Predation: A Bambi Lover's Respect for Nature. Ethics and the Environment 6 (1):42-67.
Similar books and articles
Richard Hanley (2004). A Modest Proposal. Public Affairs Quarterly 18 (1):1-12.
Evelyn B. Pluhar (2010). Meat and Morality: Alternatives to Factory Farming. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 23 (5):455-468.
William Stephens, Home | Archives | Announcements | About the Journal | Submission Information | Contact Us.
Frederick Ferré (1986). Moderation, Morals, and Meat. Inquiry 29 (1-4):391-406.
William O. Stephens (1994). Five Arguments for Vegetarianism. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 1 (4):25-39.
David Detmer (2007). Vegetarianism, Traditional Morality, and Moral Conservatism. Journal of Philosophical Research 32 (Supplement):39-48.
Jonathan Harrison (2008). The Vagaries of Vegetarianism. Ratio 21 (3):286-299.
Andrew Gleeson (2008). Eating Meat and Reading Diamond. Philosophical Papers 37 (1):157-175.
Frederick Ferr (1986). Moderation, Morals, and Meat. Inquiry 29 (1-4):391 – 406.
Added to index2010-05-07
Total downloads55 ( #54,256 of 1,707,711 )
Recent downloads (6 months)4 ( #160,112 of 1,707,711 )
How can I increase my downloads?