David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Synthese 82 (3):423-39 (1990)
Cosmides, Wason, and Johnson-Laird, among others, have suggested evidence that reasoning abilities tend to be domain specific, insofar as humans do not appear to acquire capacities for logical reasoning that are applicable across different contexts. Unfortunately, the significance of these findings depends upon the specific variety of logical reasoning under consideration. Indeed, there seem to be at least three grounds for doubting such conclusions, since: (1) tests of reasoning involving the use of material conditionals may not be appropriate for representing ordinary thinking, especially when it concerns causal processes involving the use of causal conditionals instead; (2) tests of domain specificity may fail to acknowledge the crucial role fulfilled by rules of inference, such as modus ponens and modus tollens, which appear to be completely general across different contexts; and, (3) tests that focus exclusively upon deductive reasoning may misinterpret findings involving the use of inductive reasoning, which is of primary importance for human evolution
|Keywords||Epistemology Evolution Logic Rationality Cosmides, L|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Thomas Sturm (2012). The “Rationality Wars” in Psychology: Where They Are and Where They Could Go. Inquiry 55 (1):66-81.
Tim van Gelder (2005). Enhancing and Augmenting Human Reasoning. In António Zilhão (ed.), Evolution, Rationality, and Cognition: A Cognitive Science for the Twenty-First Century. Routledge.
Jonathan Evans (2004). Dual Processes, Evolution and Rationality. Thinking and Reasoning 10 (4):405 – 410.
Ronald De Sousa (2007). Why Think?: Evolution and the Rational Mind. Oxford University Press.
Niki Pfeifer (2006). On Mental Probability Logic. Dissertation, Department of Psychology
Robert C. Richardson (1996). The Prospects for an Evolutionary Psychology: Human Language and Human Reasoning. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines 6 (4):541-557.
Jonathan Eric Adler & Lance J. Rips (eds.) (2008). Reasoning: Studies of Human Inference and its Foundations. Cambridge University Press.
Tobias Starzak (2012). Papineau's Theoretical Rationality and the Anthropological Difference. Philosophia 40 (3):473-482.
Paul Sheldon Davies, James H. Fetzer & Thomas R. Foster (1995). Logical Reasoning and Domain Specificity. Biology and Philosophy 10 (1):1-37.
Edward Stein (1994). Rationality and Reflective Equilibrium. Synthese 99 (2):137-72.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads18 ( #91,591 of 1,098,981 )
Recent downloads (6 months)7 ( #33,712 of 1,098,981 )
How can I increase my downloads?