Information: Does it have to be true? [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Minds and Machines 14 (2):223-229 (2004)
Luciano Floridi (2003) offers a theory of information as a strongly semantic notion, according to which information encapsulates truth, thereby making truth a necessary condition for a sentence to qualify as information. While Floridi provides an impressive development of this position, the aspects of his approach of greatest philosophical significance are its foundations rather than its formalization. He rejects the conception of information as meaningful data, which entails at least three theses – that information can be false; that tautologies are information; and, that It is true that ... is non-redundant – appear to be defensible. This inquiry offers various logical, epistemic, and ordinary-language grounds to demonstrate that an account of his kind is too narrow to be true and that its adoption would hopelessly obscure crucial differences between information, misinformation, and disinformation.
|Keywords||disinformation information knowledge misinformation truth|
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Citations of this work BETA
Giuseppe Primiero (2009). An Epistemic Logic for Becoming Informed. Synthese 167 (2):363 - 389.
Andrea Scarantino & Gualtiero Piccinini (2010). Information Without Truth. Metaphilosophy 41 (3):313-330.
Orlin Vakarelov (2010). Pre-Cognitive Semantic Information. Knowledge, Technology & Policy 23 (2):193-226.
Luciano Floridi (2011). Semantic Information and the Correctness Theory of Truth. Erkenntnis 74 (2):147-175.
Luciano Floridi (2012). Semantic Information and the Network Theory of Account. Synthese 184 (3):431-454.
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