David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Minds and Machines 7 (3):345-364 (1997)
Cognitive science has been dominated by the computational conception that cognition is computation across representations. To the extent to which cognition as computation across representations is supposed to be a purposive, meaningful, algorithmic, problem-solving activity, however, computers appear to be incapable of cognition. They are devices that can facilitate computations on the basis of semantic grounding relations as special kinds of signs. Even their algorithmic, problem-solving character arises from their interpretation by human users. Strictly speaking, computers as such — apart from human users — are not only incapable of cognition, but even incapable of computation, properly construed. If we want to understand the nature of thought, then we have to study thinking, not computing, because they are not the same thing
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Antônio Gomes, Ricardo Gudwin, Charbel Niño El-Hani & João Queiroz (2007). Towards the Emergence of Meaning Processes in Computers From Peircean Semiotics. Mind and Society 6 (2):173-187.
João Queiroz & Floyd Merrell (2009). On Peirce's Pragmatic Notion of Semiosis—a Contribution for the Design of Meaning Machines. Minds and Machines 19 (1):129-143.
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