Evaluative conditioning is Pavlovian conditioning: Issues of definition, measurement, and the theoretical importance of contingency awareness
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Consciousness and Cognition 9 (1):41-49 (2000)
In her commentary of Field (1999), Hammerl (1999) has drawn attention to several interesting points concerning the issue of contingency awareness in evaluative conditioning. First, she comments on several contentious issues arising from Field's review of the evaluative conditioning literature, second she critiques the data from his pilot study and finally she argues the case that EC is a distinct form of conditioning that can occur in the absence of contingency awareness. With reference to these criticisms, this reply attempts to address Hammerl's comments by exploring the issues of how awareness is defined, how it is best measured, and whether it is reasonable to believe that EC uniformly occurs in the absence of contingency awareness. The article concludes that the available evidence supports Field's proposition that EC is, in fact, Pavlovian learning.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Eamon P. Fulcher & Marianne Hammerl (2005). Reactance in Affective‐Evaluative Learning: Outside of Conscious Control? Cognition and Emotion 19 (2):197-216.
Similar books and articles
Robert E. Clark, Joseph R. Manns & Larry R. Squire (2002). Classical Conditioning, Awareness, and Brain Systems. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 6 (12):524-531.
A. P. Field (2001). When All is Still Concealed: Are We Closer to Understanding the Mechanisms Underlying Evaluative Conditioning? Consciousness and Cognition 10 (4):559-566.
Marianne Hammerl (2000). I Like It, but Only When I'm Not Sure Why: Evaluative Conditioning and the Awareness Issue. Consciousness and Cognition 9 (1):37-40.
Eamon P. Fulcher & Marianne Hammerl (2001). When All is Considered: Evaluative Learning Does Not Require Contingency Awareness. Consciousness and Cognition 10 (4):567-573.
Peter F. Lovibond & David R. Shanks (2002). The Role of Awareness in Pavlovian Conditioning: Empirical Evidence and Theoretical Implications. Journal of Experimental Psychology 28 (1):3-26.
J. De Houwer (2001). Contingency Awareness and Evaluative Conditioning: When Will It Be Enough? Consciousness and Cognition 10 (4):550-558.
William J. Rowland (2000). Pavlovian Conditioning as a Product of Selection. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):262-263.
Peter R. Killeen (2000). Boxing Day. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (2):259-260.
J. Furedy, B. Damke & W. Boucsein (2000). Revisiting the Learning-Without-Awareness Question in Human Pavlovian Autonomic Conditioning: Focus on Extinction in a Dichotic Listening Paradigm. Integrative Physiological and Behavioral Science 35 (1):17-34.
A. Field (2000). I Like It, but I'm Not Sure Why: Can Evaluative Conditioning Occur Without Conscious Awareness? Consciousness and Cognition 9 (1):13-36.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads21 ( #84,999 of 1,099,746 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #303,379 of 1,099,746 )
How can I increase my downloads?