David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 10:183-188 (2007)
This paper draws upon my research into the posthumously published fragmentary remains of Hölderlin and Novalis's philosophical reflections to describe how their explanations of the possibility of self-consciousness are far more convincing than those provided by their philosophical contemporaries, and still have much to contribute to contemporary debates concerning the nature of 'consciousness' and 'selfhood.' The paper begins by sketching the background to their accounts of self-consciousness, that is, Fichte's critique of Kant's 'reflection model' of self-consciousness and the subsequent critique of Fichte's 'solution' to this problem by more orthodox Kantians (such as F. I . Niethammer). I shall then present an account of how Hölderlin and Novalis may be said to enact a 'synthesis' of the opposed Kantian and Fichtean positions, to formulate an account of self-consciousness that on one hand acknowledges the power of—in Henrich's words—Fichtes ursprüngliche Einsicht into the inadequacy of the Kantian 'reflection model,' whilst, on the other hand, re-appropriating such a 'reflection model.' They thus argue that I am only aware of myself as T by means of a reflective act (in which I in some sense become my own intentional object), whilst at the same time arguing that such awareness nevertheless involves a non-reflective 'dimension.' For Hölderlin and Novalis, therefore, consciousness is always intentionally directed, and yet in being intentionally directed, it is also non-reflectively related to itself or "self-luminous" sea conception of consciousness which has similarities with Sartre's conception of the 'pre-reflective cogito.'
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
David Farrell Krell (2002). Three Ends of the Absolute: Schelling on Inhibition, Hölderlin on Separation, and Novalis on Density. Research in Phenomenology 32 (1):60-85.
Manfred Frank (2004). Fragments of a History of the Theory of Self-Consciousness From Kant to Kierkegaard. Critical Horizons 5 (1):53-136.
Jane Kneller (ed.) (2003). Novalis: Fichte Studies. Cambridge University Press.
Wolfgang Janke (1997). Fichte, Novalis, Hölderlin. Fichte-Studien 12:1-24.
Dan Zahavi (2003). Inner Time-Consciousness and Pre-Reflective Self-Awareness. In Donn Welton (ed.), The New Husserl: A Critical Reader. Bloomington: Indiana University Press. 157--180.
Dalia Nassar (2006). Reality Through Illusion. Idealistic Studies 36 (1):27-45.
J. M. Bernstein (ed.) (2003). Classic and Romantic German Aesthetics. Cambridge University Press.
Alison Stone (2008). Being, Knowledge, and Nature in Novalis. Journal of the History of Philosophy 46 (1):141-163.
Doris Feil (2007). Acategoriality and the Unity of Being in Holderlin's Novel 'Hyperion'. Mind and Matter 5 (2):167-200.
Joel Krueger (2006). Concrete Consciousness: A Sartrean Critique of Functionalist Accounts of Mind. Sartre Studies International 12 (2):44-60.
Mark H. Bickhard (2005). Consciousness and Reflective Consciousness. Philosophical Psychology 18 (2):205-218.
Christian J. Onof, Hölderlin. Internet Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Simon Lumsden (2007). Realism and Idealism in Fichte's Theory of Subjectivity. The Proceedings of the Twenty-First World Congress of Philosophy 10:189-196.
Noel Boulting (1998). Sartre's Existential Consciousness. Philosophy in the Contemporary World 5 (4):11-23.
Camilla Serck-Hanssen (2008). Kant on Consciousness. In Sara Heinämaa & Martina Reuter (eds.), Psychology and Philosophy: Inquiries into the Soul from Late Scholasticism to Contemporary Thought. Springer Netherlands.
Added to index2011-12-02
Total downloads11 ( #160,197 of 1,692,636 )
Recent downloads (6 months)5 ( #46,145 of 1,692,636 )
How can I increase my downloads?