Graduate studies at Western
Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 86 (1):n/a-n/a (2013)
|Abstract||Some philosophers hold that „ought‟ is ambiguous between a sense expressing a propositional operator and a sense expressing a relation between an agent and an action. We defend the opposing view that „ought‟ always expresses a propositional operator against Mark Schroeder‟s recent objections that it cannot adequately accommodate an ambiguity in „ought‟ sentences between evaluative and deliberative readings, predicting readings of sentences that are not actually available. We show how adopting an independently well-motivated contrastivist semantics for „ought‟, according to which „ought‟ is always relativized to a contrast set of relevant alternatives, enables us to explain the evaluative-deliberative ambiguity and why the availability of these readings depends on sentential grammar|
|Keywords||deontic modals ought contrastivism|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Justin Snedegar (2012). Contrastive Semantics for Deontic Modals. In Martijn Blaauw (ed.), Contrastivism in Philosophy: New Perspectives. Routledge.
Mark Schroeder (2011). Ought, Agents, and Actions. Philosophical Review 120 (1):1 - 41.
Paul Portner (2007). Imperatives and Modals. Natural Language Semantics 15:351-383.
Ram Neta (2008). Undermining the Case for Contrastivism. Social Epistemology 22 (3):289 – 304.
Nate Charlow (2013). What We Know and What to Do. Synthese 190 (12):2291-2323.
Peter Baumann (2008). Contrastivism Rather Than Something Else? On the Limits of Epistemic Contrastivism. Erkenntnis 69 (2):189 - 200.
Christine Tappolet, The Normativity of Evaluative Concepts. Philosophical Papers Dedicated to Kevin Mulligan.
Rafał Palczewski (2009). Kontrastywizm epistemiczny. Filozofia Nauki 4.
Joshua D. Crabill (2013). Suppose Yalcin is Wrong About Epistemic Modals. Philosophical Studies 162 (3):625-635.
Jonathan Schaffer (2004). From Contextualism to Contrastivism. Philosophical Studies 119 (1-2):73-104.
Dilip Ninan (2005). Two Puzzles About Deontic Necessity. In J. Gajewski, V. Hacquard, B. Nickel & S. Yalcin (eds.), New Work on Modality, MIT Working Papers in Linguistics.
Moritz Schulz (2010). Epistemic Modals and Informational Consequence. Synthese 174 (3):385 - 395.
Justin Snedegar (2013). Reason Claims and Contrastivism About Reasons. Philosophical Studies 166 (2):231-242.
Heinrich Wansing (1998). Nested Deontic Modalities: Another View of Parking on Highways. [REVIEW] Erkenntnis 49 (2):185-199.
Added to index2011-08-25
Total downloads55 ( #21,981 of 739,344 )
Recent downloads (6 months)9 ( #11,490 of 739,344 )
How can I increase my downloads?