Executive functions in insight versus non-insight problem solving: An individual differences approach
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Thinking and Reasoning 15 (4):355-376 (2011)
This study investigated the roles of the executive functions of inhibition and switching, and of verbal and visuo-spatial working memory capacities, in insight and non-insight tasks. A total of 18 insight tasks, 10 non-insight tasks, and measures of individual differences in working memory capacities, switching, and inhibition were administered to 120 participants. Performance on insight problems was not linked with executive functions of inhibition or switching but was linked positively to measures of verbal and visuo-spatial working memory capacities. Non-insight task performance was positively linked to the executive function of switching (but not to inhibition) and to verbal and visuo-spatial working memory capacities. These patterns regarding executive functions were maintained when the insight and non-insight composites were split into verbal and spatial insight and non-insight composite scores. The results are discussed in relation to dual processing accounts of thinking
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Eric James Morelli (2011). Insight and the Subject. International Philosophical Quarterly 51 (2):137-148.
Mareike B. Wieth & Rose T. Zacks (2011). Time of Day Effects on Problem Solving: When the Non-Optimal is Optimal. Thinking and Reasoning 17 (4):387 - 401.
Laura Macchi & Maria Bagassi (2012). Intuitive and Analytical Processes in Insight Problem Solving: A Psycho-Rhetorical Approach to the Study of Reasoning. Mind and Society 11 (1):53-67.
Wändi Bruine de Bruin, Timo Mäntylä & Fabio Del Missier (2011). Executive Functions in Decision Making: An Individual Differences Approach. Thinking and Reasoning 16 (2):69-97.
Alison Capon, Simon Handley & Ian Dennis (2003). Working Memory and Reasoning: An Individual Differences Perspective. Thinking and Reasoning 9 (3):203 – 244.
Anna Weller, Gaëlle Villejoubert & Frédéric Vallée-Tourangeau (2011). Interactive Insight Problem Solving. Thinking and Reasoning 17 (4):424 - 439.
K. J. Gilhooly, V. Wynn, L. H. Phillips, R. H. Logie & S. Della Sala (2002). Visuo-Spatial and Verbal Working Memory in the Five-Disc Tower of London Task: An Individual Differences Approach. Thinking and Reasoning 8 (3):165 – 178.
KJ Gilhooly & P. Murphy (2005). Differentiating Insight From Non-Insight Problems. Thinking and Reasoning 11 (3):279 – 302.
E. Fioratou & K. J. Gilhooly (2011). Executive Functions in Insight Versus Non-Insight Problem Solving: An Individual Differences Approach. Thinking and Reasoning 15 (4):355-376.
Added to index2010-08-20
Total downloads13 ( #119,482 of 1,098,984 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #287,293 of 1,098,984 )
How can I increase my downloads?