New zealand farmer narratives of the benefits of reduced human intervention during lambing in extensive farming systems
Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 16 (1):77-90 (2003)
|Abstract||Easy-care or natural lambing pertainsto those sheep able to successfully lamb andrear at least one lamb without human assistancein a difficult environment. Such sheep may havea higher survival rate, lower lamb mortality,and require less shepherding at lambing thanother sheep breeds or strains. The farmer orshepherd account of easy-care lambing revealsseveral themes. Firstly, stock were bred tosurvive or suit local environments orconditions, particularly steep hill country inNew Zealand. This involved extensive culling ofundesirable dams, regardless of how well theymight perform in traits other than the abilityto survive and to produce live lambs atweaning. Sheep that did have problems wereoften assisted, recorded or marked and thenculled at an appropriate time; thus bothartificial (culling) and natural selection wereused. Secondly, natural selection enabled theimportant traits to be identified and they weresubsequently incorporated into artificialselection programs. Thirdly, the practice wasnecessitated by the impracticality ofsupervising lambing in difficult terrain andthe cost of skilled farm labor. Finally, it wasacknowledged that disturbance at lambingcreated problems and most importantly, theeasy-care approach reduced some of the problemstraditionally associated with lambing.Easy-care lambing systems thus aim to minimizesome of the detrimental effects associated withcarefully supervised lambing in someenvironments, by selecting sheep to suit boththat environment and modern farm management.They overcame pervasive influences our culturallegacy was exerting on the way we interact withanimals, and may have produced a system more inkeeping with the biology of the animal in anextensive environment.|
|Keywords||easy-care farmer farm magazines lambing shepherd|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
Similar books and articles
Joanne Sneddon & Bernard Rollin (2010). Mulesing and Animal Ethics. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 23 (4):371-386.
Christine Leeb (2011). The Concept of Animal Welfare at the Interface Between Producers and Scientists: The Example of Organic Pig Farming. Acta Biotheoretica 59 (2):173-183.
Thomas E. Hill Jr (1983). Ideals of Human Excellence and Preserving Natural Environments. Environmental Ethics 5 (3):211-224.
Larry O. Gostin (1997). Personal Privacy in the Health Care System: Employer-Sponsored Insurance, Managed Care, and Integrated Delivery Systems. Kennedy Institute of Ethics Journal 7 (4):361-376.
Mette Vaarst & Hugo Alrøe (2012). Concepts of Animal Health and Welfare in Organic Livestock Systems. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (3):333-347.
Michael C. Morris (2003). Issues Associated with Research on Sheep Parasite Control in New Zealand – a Descriptive Ethic. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 16 (2):187-207.
Andrea Bradley & Rod MacRae (2011). Legitimacy & Canadian Farm Animal Welfare Standards Development: The Case of the National Farm Animal Care Council. [REVIEW] Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 24 (1):19-47.
Nicholas Purcell (1988). Sheep Farming in Roman Italy Joan M. Frayn: Sheep-Rearing and the Wool Trade in Italy During the Roman Period. (ARCA Classical and Medieval Texts, Papers and Monographs, 15.) Pp. 208; 8 Pp. Of Plates. Liverpool: Francis Cairns, 1984. £20. [REVIEW] The Classical Review 38 (01):96-99.
Sarika Cardoso & Harvey James Jr (2012). Ethical Frameworks and Farmer Participation in Controversial Farming Practices. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 25 (3):377-404.
M. R. N. Bruijnis, F. L. B. Meijboom & E. N. Stassen (2013). Longevity as an Animal Welfare Issue Applied to the Case of Foot Disorders in Dairy Cattle. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 26 (1):191-205.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads2 ( #245,904 of 722,838 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #60,541 of 722,838 )
How can I increase my downloads?