David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics 15 (2):155-169 (2002)
In a certain sense, uncertainty andignorance have been recognized in science andphilosophy from the time of the Greeks.However, the mathematical sciences have beendominated by the pursuit of certainty.Therefore, experiments under simplified andidealized conditions have been regarded as themost reliable source of knowledge. Normally,uncertainty could be ignored or controlled byapplying probability theory and statistics.Today, however, the situation is different.Uncertainty and ignorance have moved intofocus. In particular, the global character ofsome environmental problems has shown that theproblems cannot be disregarded. Therefore,scientists and technologists have in many wayscome into a new situation. The Chernobylaccident is a dramatic example, however,problems such as a possible greenhouse effect,a possible reduction of the ozone layer, and soon are all of the same type. These encompasstotally different problems than scientists andtechnologists are traditionally trained to dealwith. In these cases, the standard use ofstatistics has to change, the burden of proofshould be reversed, one should draw ondifferent kinds of expertise, and, in general,science should be ``democratized.''.
|Keywords||philosophy philosophy of science risk science and society science studies uncertainty|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
L. B. McCullough (2012). Responsibly Managing Uncertainties In Clinical Ethics. Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 37 (1):1-5.
Roger M. Cooke (1991). Experts in Uncertainty: Opinion and Subjective Probability in Science. Oxford University Press.
Sven Ove Hansson (1996). Decision Making Under Great Uncertainty. Philosophy of the Social Sciences 26 (3):369-386.
Alistair Isaac & Tomohiro Hoshi (2011). Synchronizing Diachronic Uncertainty. Journal of Logic, Language and Information 20 (2):137-159.
John Quiggin (2001). Production Under Uncertainty and Choice Under Uncertainty in the Emergence of Generalized Expected Utility Theory. Theory and Decision 51 (2/4):125-144.
John H. Flavell (2003). Varieties of Uncertainty Monitoring. Behavioral and Brain Sciences 26 (3):344-344.
Niki Pfeifer (2007). Rational Argumentation Under Uncertainty. In G. Kreuzbauer, N. Gratzl & E. Hiebl (eds.), Persuasion Und Wissenschaft: Aktuelle Fragestellungen von Rhetorik Und Argumentationstheorie. Lit. 181--191.
Matthew C. Wilson (2009). Creativity, Probability and Uncertainty. Journal of Economic Methodology 16 (1):45-56.
H. N. Pollack (2003). Uncertain Science ...: Uncertain World. Cambridge University Press.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads23 ( #73,866 of 1,099,024 )
Recent downloads (6 months)6 ( #43,697 of 1,099,024 )
How can I increase my downloads?