David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Behavioral and Brain Sciences 23 (6):936-939 (2000)
The five papers in this issue all deal with the proper evolutionary function of sleep and dreams, these being different. To establish that some trait of character is an adaptation in the strict biological sense requires a story about the fitness enhancing function it served when it evolved and possibly a story of how the maintenance of this function is fitness enhancing now. My aim is to evaluate the proposals put forward in these papers. My conclusion is that although sleep is almost certainly an adaptation, dreaming is not. [Hobson et al.; Nielsen; revonsuo; Solms; Vertes & Eastman].
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Katja Valli (2011). Dreaming in the Multilevel Framework. Consciousness and Cognition 20 (4):1084-1090.
Pilleriin Sikka, Katja Valli, Tiina Virta & Antti Revonsuo (2014). I Know How You Felt Last Night, or Do I? Self- and External Ratings of Emotions in REM Sleep Dreams. Consciousness and Cognition 25 (1):51-66.
Katja Valli, Thea Strandholm, Lauri Sillanmäki & Antti Revonsuo (2008). Dreams Are More Negative Than Real Life: Implications for the Function of Dreaming. Cognition and Emotion 22 (5):833-861.
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