David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Many complex systems maintain a self-referential check and balance. In animals, such reflective monitoring and control processes have been grouped under the rubric of metacognition. In this introductory article to a Theme Issue on metacognition, we review recent and rapidly progressing developments from neuroscience, cognitive psychology, computer science and philosophy of mind. While each of these areas is represented in detail by individual contributions to the volume, we take this opportunity to draw links between disciplines, and highlight areas where further integration is needed. Specifically, we cover the definition, measurement, neurobiology and possible functions of metacognition, and assess the relationship between metacognition and consciousness. We propose a framework in which level of representation, order of behaviour and access consciousness are orthogonal dimensions of the conceptual landscape
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Nicholas Shea (2014). Reward Prediction Error Signals Are Meta‐Representational. Noûs 48 (2):314-341.
Leonora G. Weil, Stephen M. Fleming, Iroise Dumontheil, Emma J. Kilford, Rimona S. Weil, Geraint Rees, Raymond J. Dolan & Sarah-Jayne Blakemore (2013). The Development of Metacognitive Ability in Adolescence. Consciousness and Cognition 22 (1):264-271.
Cecilia Heyes (forthcoming). Who Knows? Metacognitive Social Learning Strategies. Trends in Cognitive Sciences.
Sarah-Jayne Blakemore Leonora G. Weil, Stephen M. Fleming, Iroise Dumontheil, Emma J. Kilford, Rimona S. Weil, Geraint Rees, Raymond J. Dolan (2013). The Development of Metacognitive Ability in Adolescence. Consciousness and Cognition 22 (1):264.
Joëlle Proust (2014). Epistemic Action, Extended Knowledge, and Metacognition. Philosophical Issues 24 (1):364-392.
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