Nosology and causal necessity; the relation betweendefining a disease and discovering its necessary cause
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 20 (6) (1999)
The problem of disease definition is related to theproblem of proving that a certain agent is thenecessary cause of a certain disease. Natural kindterms like rheumatoid arthritis and AIDS refer toessences which are discoverable rather thanpredeterminate. No statement about such diseases isa priori necessarily true. Because theories onnecessary causes involve natural kind semantics,Koch''s postulates cannot be used to falsify or verifysuch theories. Instead of proving that agent A is thenecessary cause of disease D, we include A in atheoretical definition of D, take this to representthe real meaning of D, and discard thepretheoretical definition. This is illustrated byKoch''s own attempt to prove he had discovered thenecessary cause of tuberculosis. Methodologicalarguments about disease causation require a clear viewof our use of diagnostic terms. Medical lexicographersshould do more to provide such a view.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Robert D.'Amico (1995). Is Disease a Natural Kind? Journal of Medicine and Philosophy 20 (5):551-569.
Albert Mosley (2004). Does Hiv or Poverty Cause Aids? Biomedical and Epidemiological Perspectives. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 25 (5-6):399-421.
Caroline Whitbeck (1977). Causation in Medicine: The Disease Entity Model. Philosophy of Science 44 (4):619-637.
Daniel P. Sulmasy (2005). “Diseases and Natural Kinds”. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 26 (6):487-513.
Dominick A. Rizzi & Stig Andur Pedersen (1992). Causality in Medicine: Towards a Theory and Terminology. Theoretical Medicine and Bioethics 13 (3).
Neil Williams (2007). The Factory Model of Disease. The Monist 90 (4):555-584.
Randolph M. Nesse (2001). On the Difficulty of Defining Disease: A Darwinian Perspective. [REVIEW] Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 4 (1):37-46.
P. Thagard (1996). The Concept of Disease: Structure and Change. Philosophical Explorations 29:445-478.
Kelly C. Smith (2001). A Disease by Any Other Name: Musings on the Concept of a Genetic Disease. Medicine, Health Care and Philosophy 4 (1):19-30.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads3 ( #313,896 of 1,140,336 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #140,127 of 1,140,336 )
How can I increase my downloads?