David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Metaphilosophy 42 (3):282-304 (2011)
Abstract: This article offers an account and defence of constructionism, both as a metaphilosophical approach and as a philosophical methodology, with references to the so-called maker's knowledge tradition. Its main thesis is that Plato's “user's knowledge” tradition should be complemented, if not replaced, by a constructionist approach to philosophical problems in general and to knowledge in particular. Epistemic agents know something when they are able to build (reproduce, simulate, model, construct, etc.) that something and plug the obtained information into the correct network of relations that account for it. Their epistemic expertise increases with the scope and depth of the questions that they are able to ask and answer. Thus, constructionism deprioritises mimetic, passive, and declarative knowledge that something is the case, in favour of poietic, interactive, and practical knowledge of something being the case. Metaphilosophically, constructionism suggests adding conceptual engineering to conceptual analysis as a fundamental method
|Keywords||philosophy of information constructivism constructionism levels of abstraction epistemology minimalism|
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References found in this work BETA
Fred Dretske (1994). If You Can't Make One, You Don't Know How It Works. Midwest Studies in Philosophy 19 (1):468-482.
Luciano Floridi (2010). Information: A Very Short Introduction. Oxford University Press.
Luciano Floridi (2012). Semantic Information and the Network Theory of Account. Synthese 184 (3):431-454.
Luciano Floridi (2008). The Method of Levels of Abstraction. Minds and Machines 18 (3):303-329.
Luciano Floridi (2011). The Philosophy of Information. Oxford University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Francesco Berto & Jacopo Tagliabue (2014). The World is Either Digital or Analogue. Synthese 191 (3):481-497.
Patrick Grüneberg (2012). From Therapy and Enhancement to Assistive Technologies: An Attempt to Clarify the Role of the Sports Physician. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 6 (4):480-491.
Giuseppe Primiero (2013). Offline and Online Data: On Upgrading Functional Information to Knowledge. Philosophical Studies 164 (2):371-392.
Massimo Durante (2013). Dealing with Legal Conflicts in the Information Society. An Informational Understanding of Balancing Competing Interests. Philosophy and Technology 26 (4):437-457.
Orlin Vakarelov (2013). From Interface to Correspondence: Recovering Classical Representations in a Pragmatic Theory of Semantic Information. [REVIEW] Minds and Machines (3):1-25.
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