David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Metaphilosophy 42 (3):282-304 (2011)
Abstract: This article offers an account and defence of constructionism, both as a metaphilosophical approach and as a philosophical methodology, with references to the so-called maker's knowledge tradition. Its main thesis is that Plato's “user's knowledge” tradition should be complemented, if not replaced, by a constructionist approach to philosophical problems in general and to knowledge in particular. Epistemic agents know something when they are able to build (reproduce, simulate, model, construct, etc.) that something and plug the obtained information into the correct network of relations that account for it. Their epistemic expertise increases with the scope and depth of the questions that they are able to ask and answer. Thus, constructionism deprioritises mimetic, passive, and declarative knowledge that something is the case, in favour of poietic, interactive, and practical knowledge of something being the case. Metaphilosophically, constructionism suggests adding conceptual engineering to conceptual analysis as a fundamental method
|Keywords||philosophy of information constructivism constructionism levels of abstraction epistemology minimalism|
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Citations of this work BETA
Francesco Berto & Jacopo Tagliabue (2014). The World is Either Digital or Analogue. Synthese 191 (3):481-497.
Patrick Grüneberg (2012). From Therapy and Enhancement to Assistive Technologies: An Attempt to Clarify the Role of the Sports Physician. Sport, Ethics and Philosophy 6 (4):480-491.
Luciano Floridi (2016). Mature Information Societies—a Matter of Expectations. Philosophy and Technology 29 (1):1-4.
Giuseppe Primiero (2013). Offline and Online Data: On Upgrading Functional Information to Knowledge. Philosophical Studies 164 (2):371-392.
Luciano Floridi (forthcoming). Tolerant Paternalism: Pro-Ethical Design as a Resolution of the Dilemma of Toleration. Science and Engineering Ethics:1-20.
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