David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Zygon 45 (3):605-626 (2010)
I first attempt a taxonomy of meditation in traditional Indian Buddhism. Based on the main psychological or somatic function at which the meditative effort is directed, the following classes can be distinguished: (1) emotion-centered meditation (coinciding with the traditional samatha approach); (2) consciousness-centered meditation (with two subclasses: consciousness reduction/elimination and ideation obliteration); (3) reflection-centered meditation (with two subtypes: morality-directed reflection and reality-directed observation, the latter corresponding to the vipassanā method); (4) visualization-centered meditation; and (5) physiology-centered meditation. In the second part of the essay I tackle the problem of the epistemic validity and happiness-engendering value of Buddhist meditation. In my highly conjectural view, the claim that meditation represents an infallible tool for realizing the (Supreme) Truth as well as a universally valid method for attaining the highest forms of happiness is largely based on the crēdō effect, that is, a placebolike process. I do not deny that meditation may have some positive effects on mental and physical health or that its practice may bring changes to the mind. Meditation may be a valuable alternative approach in life and clinical treatment, but it is far from being a must or a panacea
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Antoine Lutz (2008). Attention Regulation and Monitoring in Meditation. Trends in Cognitive Sciences 12 (4):163--169.
Lutz Antoine, H. A. Slagter, L. L. Greischar, A. D. Francis, S. Nieuwenhuis, J. M. Davis & R. J. Davidson, Mental Training Affects Distribution of Limited Brain Resources.
A. Lutz, J. D. Dunne & R. J. Davidson (2006). The Cambridge Handbook of Consciousness. Cambridge University Press.
James H. Austin (1998). Zen and the Brain: Toward an Understanding of Meditation and Consciousness. MIT Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Lorenza S. Colzato & Jonathan A. Silk (2010). Imag(in)Ing the Buddhist Brain: Editorial Introduction. Zygon 45 (3):591-595.
Willem B. Drees (2013). Rich Religion and Science: AsIan Religions, Ian Barbour, and Much Else. Zygon 48 (4):853-858.
Similar books and articles
Antoine Lutz, H. A. Slagter, J. D. Dunne & R. J. Davidson (2008). Attention Regulation and Monitoring in Meditation. Trends in Cognitive Sciences (4):163-169.
P. Novak (1996). Buddhist Meditation and Consciousness of Time. Journal of Consciousness Studies 3 (3):267-77.
Paul G. La Forge (2004). Cultivating Moral Imagination Through Meditation. Journal of Business Ethics 51 (1):15 - 29.
Paul G. La Forge (2004). Cultivating Moral Imagination Through Meditation. Journal of Business Ethics 51 (1):15-29.
Ajahn Sumano Bhikkhu & Bhikkhu.) Sumano (Ajahn (2011). The Brightened Mind: A Simple Guide to Buddhist Meditation. Quest Books.
C. G. Prado (2009). Starting with Descartes. Continuum.
Glen Peter Kezwer (1991). Meditation, Oneness, and Physics: A Journey Through the Laboratories of Physics and Meditation. Lantern Books.
Avi Sion (2006). Meditations. Lulu.Com.
John Peter Carriero (2009). Between Two Worlds: A Reading of Descartes's Meditations. Princeton University Press.
Added to index2010-08-11
Total downloads61 ( #70,314 of 1,907,187 )
Recent downloads (6 months)8 ( #91,743 of 1,907,187 )
How can I increase my downloads?