David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Educational Philosophy and Theory 44 (2):212-230 (2012)
Although higher education understands the need to develop critical thinkers, it has not lived up to the task consistently. Students are graduating deficient in these skills, unprepared to think critically once in the workforce. Limited development of cognitive processing skills leads to less effective leaders. Various definitions of critical thinking are examined to develop a general construct to guide the discussion as critical thinking is linked to constructivism, leadership, and education. Most pedagogy is content-based built on deep knowledge. Successful critical thinking pedagogy is moving away from this paradigm, teaching students to think complexly. Some of the challenges faced by higher education moving to a critical thinking curricula are discussed, and recommendations are offered for improving outcomes
|Keywords||leadership constructivism critical thinking|
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References found in this work BETA
Martin Heidegger (1966/1969). Discourse on Thinking. New York, Harper & Row.
Stefaan E. Cuypers & Ishtiyaque Haji (2006). Education for Critical Thinking: Can It Be Non-Indoctrinative? Educational Philosophy and Theory 38 (6):723–743.
Marianna Papastephanou & Charoula Angeli (2007). Critical Thinking Beyond Skill. Educational Philosophy and Theory 39 (6):604–621.
Michael A. Peters (2007). Kinds of Thinking, Styles of Reasoning. Educational Philosophy and Theory 39 (4):350–363.
Mark Mason (2007). Critical Thinking and Learning. Educational Philosophy and Theory 39 (4):339–349.
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