Khortos gasteri ou le bonheur est dans le pré: Éthique et politique cyniques selon un poème de cratès de thèbes

Dialogue 45 (4):647-677 (2006)
Abstract
Partant d’un poème de Cratès de Thèbes transmis par Julien (dans ses discours Contre Héracleios le Cynique et Contre les cyniques ignorants), cet article se propose de revenir sur les notions de bonheur, de plaisir, de richesse et de justice, dans le cadre de la vie kata phusin telle que les cyniques l’ont conçue. L’«éthique du minimum» que ces philosophes ont proposée, et que la plupart des hommes qualifieraient d’expérience volontaire de la souffrance, se révèle un chemin possible pour atteindre à la fois le bonheur individuel et la justice politique.This commentary on a poem of Crates of Thebes, which was transmitted in Julian’s Oration VII, To the Cynic Herakleios, and Oration IX (VI), To the Uneducated Cynics, intends to rediscuss the notions of happiness, pleasure, wealth, and justice in the context of the kata phusin life as viewed by the Cynics. The “minimal ethics” proposed by the cynic philosophers, which many would consider as a kind of voluntary experience of suffering, appears as a possible way to secure both individual happiness and political justice
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