David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Ethics and Information Technology 4 (1):1-9 (2002)
The paper provides a critical review of thedebate on the foundations of Computer Ethics(CE). Starting from a discussion of Moor'sclassic interpretation of the need for CEcaused by a policy and conceptual vacuum, fivepositions in the literature are identified anddiscussed: the ``no resolution approach'',according to which CE can have no foundation;the professional approach, according to whichCE is solely a professional ethics; the radicalapproach, according to which CE deals withabsolutely unique issues, in need of a uniqueapproach; the conservative approach, accordingto which CE is only a particular appliedethics, discussing new species of traditionalmoral issues; and the innovative approach,according to which theoretical CE can expandthe metaethical discourse with a substantiallynew perspective. In the course of the analysis,it is argued that, although CE issues are notuncontroversially unique, they are sufficientlynovel to render inadequate the adoption ofstandard macroethics, such as Utilitarianismand Deontologism, as the foundation of CE andhence to prompt the search for a robust ethicaltheory. Information Ethics (IE) is proposed forthat theory, as the satisfactory foundation forCE. IE is characterised as a biologicallyunbiased extension of environmental ethics,based on the concepts of information object/infosphere/entropy rather thanlife/ecosystem/pain. In light of the discussionprovided in this paper, it is suggested that CEis worthy of independent study because itrequires its own application-specific knowledgeand is capable of supporting a methodologicalfoundation, IE.
|Keywords||computer ethics information and communication technology information ethics macroethics metaethics microethics policy vacuum uniqueness debate|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
Luciano Floridi (2004). Open Problems in the Philosophy of Information. Metaphilosophy 35 (4):554-582.
Luciano Floridi (2006). Information Technologies and the Tragedy of the Good Will. Ethics and Information Technology 8 (4):253-262.
Herman T. Tavani (2008). Floridi's Ontological Theory of Informational Privacy: Some Implications and Challenges. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 10 (2-3):155-166.
Soraj Hongladarom (2008). Floridi and Spinoza on Global Information Ethics. Ethics and Information Technology 10 (2-3):175-187.
Edward H. Spence (2011). Information, Knowledge and Wisdom: Groundwork for the Normative Evaluation of Digital Information and its Relation to the Good Life. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 13 (3):261-275.
Similar books and articles
Luciano Floridi & J. W. Sanders (2001). Artificial Evil and the Foundation of Computer Ethics. Ethics and Information Technology 3 (1):55-66.
Luciano Floridi (2007). Computers : Information Ethics and the Foundation of Computer Ethics. In Jesper Ryberg, Thomas S. Petersen & Clark Wolf (eds.), New Waves in Applied Ethics. Palgrave Macmillan
James H. Moor (1999). Just Consequentialism and Computing. Ethics and Information Technology 1 (1):61-65.
Justine Johnstone (2007). Technology as Empowerment: A Capability Approach to Computer Ethics. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 9 (1):73-87.
Philip Brey (2008). Do We Have Moral Duties Towards Information Objects? Ethics and Information Technology 10 (2-3):109-114.
Herman T. Tavani (2002). The Uniqueness Debate in Computer Ethics: What Exactly is at Issue, and Why Does It Matter? [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 4 (1):37-54.
Richard Heersmink, Jeroen van den Hoven, Nees Jan van Eck & Jan van den Berg (2011). Bibliometric Mapping of Computer and Information Ethics. Ethics and Information Technology 13 (3):241-249.
Walter Maner (1996). Unique Ethical Problems in Information Technology. Science and Engineering Ethics 2 (2):137-154.
Luciano Floridi (1999). Information Ethics: On the Philosophical Foundation of Computer Ethics. [REVIEW] Ethics and Information Technology 1 (1):33-52.
Matteo Turilli (2008). Ethics and the Practice of Software Design. In P. Brey, A. Briggle & K. Waelbers (eds.), Current Issues in Computing and Philosophy. IOS Press
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads29 ( #108,149 of 1,726,249 )
Recent downloads (6 months)15 ( #48,707 of 1,726,249 )
How can I increase my downloads?