David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Episteme 2 (1):5-12 (2005)
All of us get opinions from other people. And not just a few. We acquire opinions from others extensively and do so from early childhood through virtually every day of the rest our lives. Sometimes we rely on others for relatively inconsequential information. Is it raining outside? Did the Yankees win today? But we also depend on others for important or even life preserving information. Where is the nearest hospital? Do people drive on the left or the right here? We acquire opinions from family and close acquaintances but also from strangers. We get directions from and heed the warnings of individuals we’ve never met, and likewise read books and articles and listen to television and radio reports authored by individuals we don’t know personally. Moreover, we undertake inquiries in groups in which the group relies on the conclusions of the individuals making up the group. In some of these collective efforts everyone knows one another, for example, a set of neighbors taking a census of birds in the neighborhood. But others, such as the effort to understand gravity, are not so nearly self-contained. Indeed, many of the most impressive human intellectual accomplishments are the collective products of individuals far removed from another in location (and sometimes even over time) who rely on each other’s conclusions without feeling the need to re-confirm them.
|Keywords||No keywords specified (fix it)|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
|Through your library||Configure|
References found in this work BETA
C. A. J. Coady (1992). Testimony: A Philosophical Study. Oxford University Press.
Citations of this work BETA
Linda Zagzebski (2007). Ethical and Epistemic Egoism and the Ideal of Autonomy. Episteme 4 (3):252-263.
Conor Mayo-Wilson (2014). Reliability of Testimonial Norms in Scientific Communities. Synthese 191 (1):55-78.
Similar books and articles
Paul Weirich (2012). Collective Acts. Synthese 187 (1):223-241.
Marion Smiley (1993). Feminist Theory and the Question of Identity. Women and Politics 13 (2):91-122.
Louis H. Bluhm (1987). Trust, Terrorism, and Technology. Journal of Business Ethics 6 (5):333 - 341.
P. J. Lomelino (2007). Individuals and Relational Beings. Social Philosophy Today 23:87-101.
Richard Foley (2001). Intellectual Trust in Oneself and Others. Cambridge University Press.
Richard Bradley (2006). Taking Advantage of Difference in Opinion. Episteme 3 (3):141-155.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads22 ( #65,924 of 1,088,398 )
Recent downloads (6 months)1 ( #69,601 of 1,088,398 )
How can I increase my downloads?