David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
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Philosophy of Science 74 (5):588-600 (2007)
The simple question, what is empirical success? turns out to have a surprisingly complicated answer. We need to distinguish between meritorious fit and ‘fudged fit', which is akin to the distinction between prediction and accommodation. The final proposal is that empirical success emerges in a theory dependent way from the agreement of independent measurements of theoretically postulated quantities. Implications for realism and Bayesianism are discussed. ‡This paper was written when I was a visiting fellow at the Center for Philosophy of Science at the University of Pittsburgh; I thank everyone for their support. †To contact the author, please write to: Department of Philosophy, University of Wisconsin–Madison, 5185 Helen C. White Hall, 600 North Park Street, Madison, WI 53706; e-mail: email@example.com.
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References found in this work BETA
Bas C. Van Fraassen (1980). The Scientific Image. Oxford University Press.
Malcolm Forster & Elliott Sober (1994). How to Tell When Simpler, More Unified, or Less Ad Hoc Theories Will Provide More Accurate Predictions. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 45 (1):1-35.
Christopher Hitchcock & Elliott Sober (2004). Prediction Versus Accommodation and the Risk of Overfitting. British Journal for the Philosophy of Science 55 (1):1-34.
Malcolm Forster (1988). Unification, Explanation, and the Composition of Causes in Newtonian Mechanics. Studies in History and Philosophy of Science 19 (1):55-101.
Citations of this work BETA
Guillaume Rochefort-Maranda (2016). Simplicity and Model Selection. European Journal for Philosophy of Science 6 (2):261-279.
Maureen A. O'Malley (2009). Making Knowledge in Synthetic Biology: Design Meets Kludge. Biological Theory 4 (4):378-389.
Peter Vickers (2013). A Confrontation of Convergent Realism. Philosophy of Science 80 (2):189-211.
Teru Miyake (2013). Underdetermination, Black Boxes, and Measurement. Philosophy of Science 80 (5):697-708.
Mauro Rossi (2014). Simulation Theory and Interpersonal Utility Comparisons Reconsidered. Synthese 191 (6):1185-1210.
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