Hypocrisies of fairness: Towards a more reflexive ethical base in organizational justice research and practice [Book Review]
David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Journal of Business Ethics 78 (3):415 - 433 (2008)
Despite becoming one of the most active research areas in organizational behavior, the field of organizational justice has stayed at a safe distance from moral questions of values, as well as from critical questions regarding the implications of fairness considerations on the status quo of power relations in today’s organizations. We argue that both organizational justice research and the managerial practices it informs lack reflexivity. This manifests itself in two possible hypocrisies of fairness. Managers may apply organizational justice knowledge but fail to increase the actual levels of fairness in employment relations. Researchers, on the other hand, may claim to promote fairness through their work while actually providing managers with tools that enable or even encourage them to feed the hypocrisy of fairness identified above. As␣part of our argument, we identify three types of mechanisms managers may use to influence and manage the formation of fairness perceptions. We consider how the exercise of power is related to the potential application of organizational justice knowledge across individual, interpersonal and social levels. Our approach makes power dynamics and moral implications salient, and questions the purely subjectivist view of justice researchers that deliberately discards normative aspects. The questions opened up by considering alternative mechanisms for creating fairness perceptions have led us to formulate a research agenda for organizational justice research that takes multiple stakeholder interests, power dynamics and ethical implications into account. We believe that the fields of organizational justice and normative justice can benefit from combined research.
|Keywords||fairness justice managerialist research organizational behavior power|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
Robert Nozick (1974). Anarchy, State and Utopia. Basic Books.
John Finnis (1980/1979). Natural Law and Natural Rights. Oxford University Press.
Robert A. Phillips (1997). Stakeholder Theory and A Principle of Fairness. Business Ethics Quarterly 7 (1):51-66.
Robert C. Solomon (1992). Corporate Roles, Personal Virtues: An Aristotelian Approach to Business Ethics. Business Ethics Quarterly 2 (3):317-339.
Larue Tone Hosmer & Christian Kiewitz (2005). Organizational Justice: A Behavioral Science Concept with Critical Implications for Business Ethics and Stakeholder Theory. Business Ethics Quarterly 15 (1):67-91.
Citations of this work BETA
Mitchell J. Neubert, Dawn S. Carlson, K. Michele Kacmar, James A. Roberts & Lawrence B. Chonko (2009). The Virtuous Influence of Ethical Leadership Behavior: Evidence From the Field. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 90 (2):157 - 170.
Carl Rhodes, Alison Pullen & Stewart R. Clegg (2010). 'If I Should Fall From Grace…': Stories of Change and Organizational Ethics. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 91 (4):535 - 551.
Hongwei He, Weichun Zhu & Xiaoming Zheng (2014). Procedural Justice and Employee Engagement: Roles of Organizational Identification and Moral Identity Centrality. Journal of Business Ethics 122 (4):681-695.
Natàlia Cugueró-Escofet & Marion Fortin (2013). One Justice or Two? A Model of Reconciliation of Normative Justice Theories and Empirical Research on Organizational Justice. Journal of Business Ethics 124 (3):1-17.
William J. Graham & William H. Cooper (2013). Taking Credit. Journal of Business Ethics 115 (2):403-425.
Similar books and articles
Bryan W. Husted (1998). Organizational Justice and the Management of Stakeholder Relations. Journal of Business Ethics 17 (6):643 - 651.
Jerald Greenberg & Robert J. Bies (1992). Establishing the Role of Empirical Studies of Organizational Justice in Philosophical Inquiries Into Business Ethics. Journal of Business Ethics 11 (5-6):433-444.
Sandra J. Hartman, Augusta C. Yrle & William P. Galle (1999). Procedural and Distributive Justice: Examining Equity in a University Setting. [REVIEW] Journal of Business Ethics 20 (4):337 - 351.
Jordan H. Stein (2009). Organizational Justice and Behavioral Ethics. Business Ethics Quarterly 19 (2):193-233.
Tina L. Robbins & Ben C. Jeffords (2010). Practising What We Preach: Justice and Ethical Instruction in Management Education. Ethics and Education 4 (1):93-102.
Jill Kickul, Lisa K. Gundry & Margaret Posig (2005). Does Trust Matter? The Relationship Between Equity Sensitivity and Perceived Organizational Justice. Journal of Business Ethics 56 (3):205 - 218.
Christian Kiewitz (2005). Organizational Justice. Business Ethics Quarterly 15 (1):67-91.
Dan S. Chiaburu & Audrey S. Lim (2008). Manager Trustworthiness or Interactional Justice? Predicting Organizational Citizenship Behaviors. Journal of Business Ethics 83 (3):453 - 467.
Harry J. Van Buren (2008). Fairness and the Main Management Theories of the Twentieth Century: A Historical Review, 1900-1965. Journal of Business Ethics 82 (3):633 - 644.
Harry J. Van Buren (2008). Fairness and the Main Management Theories of the Twentieth Century: A Historical Review, 1900–1965. Journal of Business Ethics 82 (3):633-644.
Added to index2009-01-28
Total downloads38 ( #104,818 of 1,793,191 )
Recent downloads (6 months)11 ( #71,733 of 1,793,191 )
How can I increase my downloads?