Ibn bājja on medicine and medical experience

Arabic Sciences and Philosophy 21 (1):111-148 (2011)
This article lists the medical works written by Ibn B??jja, overviews those that have come down to us and studies the super-commentary of Galen's commentary to Hippocrates' Aphorisms . This text shows a deep influence of al-F??r??b??, namely in a conception of medical experience which stems from the latter's construal of experience as the inductive process described by Aristotle in Posterior Analytics which brings the premises of demonstration. On this basis, Ibn B??jja advocated for a less scholastic, more empiric medicine, and his claim was echoed by Ibn Rushd. There are some similarities between Ibn B??jja's text and Ibn Rushd's K. al-Kulliyy??t f?? al-???ibb which suggest that the latter had read Shar??? f?? al-Fu?????l. This work gives moreover some evidence that human dissection could have been performed during Ibn B??jja's time. R??sum?? Le pr??sent article propose la liste des ??uvres m??dicales compos??es par Ibn B??jja, donne une pr??sentation synth??tique de celles qui nous ont ??t?? transmises et ??tudie le m??tacommentaire au commentaire de Galien sur les Aphorismes d'Hippocrate . Ce texte montre une influence profonde d'al- F??r??b??, en particulier dans sa conception de l'exp??rience m??dicale, qui remonte ?? la fa??on dont ce dernier construit l'exp??rience comme le proc??d?? inductif, d??crit par Aristote dans les Seconds Analytiques , produisant les pr??misses de la d??monstration. Sur cette base, Ibn B??jja d??fend la pertinence d'une m??decine moins scolastique et plus empirique, une position dont Ibn Rushd se fera l'??cho. Des similitudes entre le texte d'Ibn B??jja et le K. al-Kulliyy??t f?? al-???ibb d'Ibn Rushd sugg??rent que celui-ci avait lu le Shar??? f?? al-Fu?????l . Cette ??uvre, en outre, pourrait bien attester que la dissection humaine ??tait pratiqu??e ?? l'??poque d'Ibn B??jja
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DOI 10.1017/S0957423910000147
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