David Bourget (Western Ontario)
David Chalmers (ANU, NYU)
Rafael De Clercq
Ezio Di Nucci
Jack Alan Reynolds
Learn more about PhilPapers
Locke Studies 10:27-59 (2010)
Locke’s conception of substance in general or substratum has two relatively widespread interpretations. According to the traditional one, substance in general is the bearer of properties, a pure subject, something which sustains properties but itself has no properties. According to the other interpretation, substance is general is something like real essence: an underlying structure which is responsible for the fact that certain observable properties form stable, recurrent clusters. I will argue that both interpretation are partly right, and what is good in them can be reconciled. The traditional interpretation captures the purpose and signficanc of the idea of substance in general, i.e. the reason why Locke says we have this idea. The real essence view is right about the real world counterpart of the idea, i.e. what sort of entity the idea corresponds to. The paper starts with a review of the strengths and weaknesses of the rival interpretations (I, II). Then I examine which part of the traditional interpretation can be sustained in light of the problems it faces (III). Thereafter I will show that the part of the traditional interpretation which can be sustained cannot stand on its own and needs to be supplemented at one point, and the real essence view can provide what is needed. This, as it were, mixed interpretation will be supported by sketching an argument which is plausible within the context of Locke’s teachings and which explains how Locke could have arrived from the view which the traditional interpretation correctly attributes to him to the view which the real essence interpretation takes him to espouse (IV). The two problematic points in this argument will be taken up in the following two sections. (V, VI). Finally, I will provide some evidence from the Drafts for Locke’s identification of substance and essence (VII).
|Keywords||substance real essence|
|Categories||categorize this paper)|
Setup an account with your affiliations in order to access resources via your University's proxy server
Configure custom proxy (use this if your affiliation does not provide a proxy)
|Through your library|
References found in this work BETA
No references found.
Citations of this work BETA
No citations found.
Similar books and articles
Gabor Forrai (2010). Locke on Substance in General. Locke Studies 10 (27):27-59.
Michael Jacovides (2007). Locke on the Propria of Body. British Journal for the History of Philosophy 15 (3):485 – 511.
Maurilio Lovatti (2004). General Ideas and the Knowability of Essence: Interpretations of Locke's Theory of Knowledge. Dissertation, Oxford, Tercentenary John Locke Conference (April 2-4, 2004)
Dan Kaufman (2007). Locke on Individuation and the Corpuscular Basis of Kinds. Philosophy and Phenomenological Research 75 (3):499-534.
Jan-Erik Jones, Real Essence. Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
Lionel Shapiro (1999). Toward 'Perfect Collections of Properties': Locke on the Constitution of Substantial Sorts. Canadian Journal of Philosophy 29 (4):551-593.
Daniel Z. Korman (2010). Locke on Substratum: A Deflationary Interpretation. Locke Studies 10:61-84.
Gabor -Forrai (2005). Lockean Ideas as Intentional Contents. In Gabor Forrai George Kampis (ed.), Intentionality: Past and Future.
S. Marc Cohen (1992). Substance and Essence in Aristotle. [REVIEW] Philosophical Review 101:838-40.
Jennifer Mensch (2010). Material Unity and Natural Organism in Locke. Idealistic Studies 40 (1/2):147-162.
Charlotte Witt (1989). Substance and Essence in Aristotle: An Interpretation of Metaphysics Vii-Ix. Cornell University Press.
Manuel Perez Otero (2000). Epistemología representacionalista y realismo científico metafísico en Locke. Teorema: International Journal of Philosophy 19 (2):5-17.
Added to index2011-01-21
Total downloads185 ( #18,265 of 1,796,258 )
Recent downloads (6 months)12 ( #60,157 of 1,796,258 )
How can I increase my downloads?