Spinozistic Pantheism, the Environment and Christianity

Sophia 49 (4):463-473 (2010)
I am not a pantheist and I don’t believe that pantheism is consistent with Christianity. My preferred speculation is what I call the Swiss Cheese theory: we and our artefacts are the holes in God, the only Godless parts of reality. In this paper, I begin by considering a world rather like ours but without any beings capable of sin. Ignoring extraterrestrials and angels we could consider the world, say, 5 million years ago. Pantheism was, I say, true at that time. That is my qualified endorsement of pantheism. I then use the Sin premise, namely that we are capable of sinning, to argue that beings like us are not parts of God and I examine some consequences
Keywords Pantheism  Christianity  Agency  Sin
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DOI 10.1007/s11841-010-0220-6
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Martin O. Yalcin (2011). American Naturalism on Pantheism 1. American Journal of Theology and Philosophy 32 (2):156 - 179.

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